To gain a better understanding on the genetic basis of apple quality, the volatile organic compound (VOC) profile of six commercial apple cultivars (Fuji, Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Jonagold, Morgen Dallago and Red Delicious) was determined using Proton Transfer Reaction Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry (PTR‐MS). The textural and physicochemical (pH, acidity and water content) properties of the six cultivars were also measured. Cultivar type strongly influenced volatile release: Fuji and Granny Smith apples had the lowest total concentration of VOC (esters, aldehydes, alcohols and terpenes) whereas Red Delicious had the highest. Differences in VOC release enabled cultivars to be grouped based on their genetic/inherited traits such as Jonagold and Golden Delicious. Dynamic in‐vivo nose space analysis allowed cultivars to be characterized on mastication time and in‐nose concentration based on four VOC measured (esters m/z 43, 61; acetaldehyde m/z 45; ethanol m/z 47) . Firm cultivars (Fuji, Granny Smith) had a longer consumption time and a lower VOC concentration. Softer cultivars (Golden Delicious, Morgen Dallago) were consumed faster, released more VOCs and reached a maximum VOC intensity faster. Nosespace VOC data on the cultivars, collected with a novel PTR‐Time of Flight Mass Spectrometer, PTR‐TOF‐MS enabled isobaric compounds to be differentiated and provided a more accurate profile solely based on cultivar variation highlighting its potential to rapidly screen samples.
|Citation:||Ting, V.J.L.; Soukoulis, C.; Aprea, E.; Romano, A.; Silcock, P.; Bremer, P.; Cappellin, L.; Gasperi, F.; Biasioli, F. (2012). In-vitro and in-vivo flavour relase from six intact and freshcut apple cultivars in relation to their textural and physicochemical parameters. In: 6th Rosaceous Genomics Conference (RGC6), Mezzocorona (TN), 30th September-4th October 2012: 125. handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/21470|
|Organization unit:||Food Quality and Nutrition Department # CRI_2011-JAN2016|
|Authors:||Ting, V.; Soukoulis, C.; Aprea, E.; Romano, A.; Silcock, P.; Bremer, P.; Cappellin, L.; Gasperi, F.; Biasioli, F.|
|Title:||In-vitro and in-vivo flavour relase from six intact and freshcut apple cultivars in relation to their textural and physicochemical parameters|
|Scientific Disciplinary Area:||Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare|
|Appears in Collections:||03 - Conference object|