Sulfides are known for their strong odor impact even at very low concentrations. Here, we report Henry’s law constants (HLCs) measured at the nanomolar concentration range in water for monosulfides (dimethylsulfide, ethylmethylsulfide, diethylsulfide, allylmethylsulfide) and disulfides (dimethyldisulfide, diethylsulfide, dipropylsulfide) using a dynamic stripping technique coupled to Proton Transfer Reaction-Mass Spectrometry (PTR-MS). The experimental data were compared with literature values and to vapor/solubility calculations and their consistency was confirmed employing the extra-thermodynamic enthalpy–entropy compensation effect. Our experimental data are compatible with reported literature values, and they are typically lower than averaged experimental literature values by about 10%. Critical comparison with other freely available models (modeled vapor/solubility; group and bond additivity methods; Linear Solvation Energy Relationship; SPARC) was performed to validate their applicability to monosulfides and disulfides. Evaluation of theoretical models reveals a large deviation from our measured values by up to four times (in units of M atm−1). Two group contribution models were adjusted in view of the new data, and HLCs for a list of sulfur compounds were calculated. Based on our findings we recommend the evaluation and adaption of theoretical models for monosulfides and disulfides to lower values of solubility and higher values of fugacity.

Schuhfried, E.; Biasioli, F.; Aprea, E.; Cappellin, L.; Soukoulis, C.; Ferrigno, A.; Märk, T.D.; Gasperi, F. (2011). PTR-MS measurements and analysis of models for the calculation of Henry’s law constants of monosulfides and disulfides. CHEMOSPHERE, 83 (3): 311-317. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.12.051 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/19663

PTR-MS measurements and analysis of models for the calculation of Henry’s law constants of monosulfides and disulfides

Schuhfried, Erna;Biasioli, Franco;Aprea, Eugenio;Cappellin, Luca;Soukoulis, Christos;Gasperi, Flavia
2011-01-01

Abstract

Sulfides are known for their strong odor impact even at very low concentrations. Here, we report Henry’s law constants (HLCs) measured at the nanomolar concentration range in water for monosulfides (dimethylsulfide, ethylmethylsulfide, diethylsulfide, allylmethylsulfide) and disulfides (dimethyldisulfide, diethylsulfide, dipropylsulfide) using a dynamic stripping technique coupled to Proton Transfer Reaction-Mass Spectrometry (PTR-MS). The experimental data were compared with literature values and to vapor/solubility calculations and their consistency was confirmed employing the extra-thermodynamic enthalpy–entropy compensation effect. Our experimental data are compatible with reported literature values, and they are typically lower than averaged experimental literature values by about 10%. Critical comparison with other freely available models (modeled vapor/solubility; group and bond additivity methods; Linear Solvation Energy Relationship; SPARC) was performed to validate their applicability to monosulfides and disulfides. Evaluation of theoretical models reveals a large deviation from our measured values by up to four times (in units of M atm−1). Two group contribution models were adjusted in view of the new data, and HLCs for a list of sulfur compounds were calculated. Based on our findings we recommend the evaluation and adaption of theoretical models for monosulfides and disulfides to lower values of solubility and higher values of fugacity.
PTR-MS
Henry’s law constant
Quantitative structure activity relationship
Sulfide
2011
Schuhfried, E.; Biasioli, F.; Aprea, E.; Cappellin, L.; Soukoulis, C.; Ferrigno, A.; Märk, T.D.; Gasperi, F. (2011). PTR-MS measurements and analysis of models for the calculation of Henry’s law constants of monosulfides and disulfides. CHEMOSPHERE, 83 (3): 311-317. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.12.051 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/19663
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