Apples are one of the most commonly consumed fruits and their high polyphenol content is considered one of the most important determinants of their health-promoting activities. Here we studied the nutrikinetics of apple polyphenols by UHPLC-HRMS metabolite fingerprinting, comparing bioavailability when consumed in a natural or a polyphenol-enriched cloudy apple juice. Twelve men and women participated in an acute single blind controlled crossover study in which they consumed 250 mL of cloudy apple juice (CAJ), Crispy Pink apple variety, or 250 mL of the same juice enriched with 750 mg of an apple polyphenol extract (PAJ). Plasma and whole blood were collected at time 0, 1, 2, 3 and 5 h. Urine was collected at time 0 and 0–2, 2–5, 5–8, and 8–24 h after juice consumption. Faecal samples were collected from each individual during the study for 16S rRNA gene profiling. As many as 110 metabolites were significantly elevated following intake of polyphenol enriched cloudy apple juice, with large inter-individual variations. The comparison of the average area under the curve of circulating metabolites in plasma and in urine of volunteers consuming either the CAJ or the PAJ demonstrated a stable metabotype, suggesting that an increase in polyphenol concentration in fruit does not limit their bioavailability upon ingestion. Faecal bacteria were correlated with specific microbial catabolites derived from apple polyphenols. Human metabolism of apple polyphenols is a co-metabolic process between human encoded activities and those of our resident microbiota. Here we have identified specific blood and urine metabolic biomarkers of apple polyphenol intake and identified putative associations with specific genera of faecal bacteria, associations which now need confirmation in specifically designed mechanistic studies.

Trost, K.; Ulaszewska, M.; Stanstrup, J.; Albanese, D.; de Filippo, C.; Tuohy, K.; Natella, F.; Scaccini, C.; Mattivi, F. (2018). Host: Microbiome co-metabolic processing of dietary polyphenols: an acute, single blinded, cross-over study with different doses of apple polyphenols in healthy subjects. FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL, 112: 108-128. doi: 10.1016/j.foodres.2018.06.016 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/49024

Host: Microbiome co-metabolic processing of dietary polyphenols: an acute, single blinded, cross-over study with different doses of apple polyphenols in healthy subjects

Trost, K.
Primo
;
Ulaszewska, M.;Stanstrup, J.;Albanese, D.;Tuohy, K.
;
Mattivi, F.
Ultimo
2018-01-01

Abstract

Apples are one of the most commonly consumed fruits and their high polyphenol content is considered one of the most important determinants of their health-promoting activities. Here we studied the nutrikinetics of apple polyphenols by UHPLC-HRMS metabolite fingerprinting, comparing bioavailability when consumed in a natural or a polyphenol-enriched cloudy apple juice. Twelve men and women participated in an acute single blind controlled crossover study in which they consumed 250 mL of cloudy apple juice (CAJ), Crispy Pink apple variety, or 250 mL of the same juice enriched with 750 mg of an apple polyphenol extract (PAJ). Plasma and whole blood were collected at time 0, 1, 2, 3 and 5 h. Urine was collected at time 0 and 0–2, 2–5, 5–8, and 8–24 h after juice consumption. Faecal samples were collected from each individual during the study for 16S rRNA gene profiling. As many as 110 metabolites were significantly elevated following intake of polyphenol enriched cloudy apple juice, with large inter-individual variations. The comparison of the average area under the curve of circulating metabolites in plasma and in urine of volunteers consuming either the CAJ or the PAJ demonstrated a stable metabotype, suggesting that an increase in polyphenol concentration in fruit does not limit their bioavailability upon ingestion. Faecal bacteria were correlated with specific microbial catabolites derived from apple polyphenols. Human metabolism of apple polyphenols is a co-metabolic process between human encoded activities and those of our resident microbiota. Here we have identified specific blood and urine metabolic biomarkers of apple polyphenol intake and identified putative associations with specific genera of faecal bacteria, associations which now need confirmation in specifically designed mechanistic studies.
Apple
Polyphenols
Nutrikinetics
Metabolomics
Microbiota
Blood
Urine
Mass spectrometry
Settore BIO/10 - BIOCHIMICA
Trost, K.; Ulaszewska, M.; Stanstrup, J.; Albanese, D.; de Filippo, C.; Tuohy, K.; Natella, F.; Scaccini, C.; Mattivi, F. (2018). Host: Microbiome co-metabolic processing of dietary polyphenols: an acute, single blinded, cross-over study with different doses of apple polyphenols in healthy subjects. FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL, 112: 108-128. doi: 10.1016/j.foodres.2018.06.016 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/49024
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