Thiol compounds responsible for tropical fruit associated aroma have been extensively studied over the last 20 years. The occurrence of their non-aromatic precursors in grapes and musts is reported largely mainly for the cultivar Sauvignon Blanc. The presence of these thiols as precursors or free molecules in grape, juice, and wine has been reported in several different varieties, suggesting that they are more or less ubiquitous both for Vitis spp. and interspecific hybrids. The biosynthetic pathways resulting in these compounds are yet to be completely elucidated, but, in the meantime, industry needs to improve technological knowledge to better manage winemaking steps to enhance the variety-dependent aroma of wine. In this work, we studied the implications of the use of grape skin tannins—rich and poor in thiol precursors—on the final content of 3-sulfanylhexan-1-ol (3MH) and its acetate (3MHA) in wine and the effect in terms of sensory appreciability. The evaluation of 36 vinifications carried out in a semi-industrial scale permitted us to prove that only a tannin originally rich in precursors (High), when added to juice at the beginning of fermentation, enhanced both the concentration of precursors in the juice and the final concentration of aromatic thiols in the resultant wine. The 3MH and 3MHA developed as a consequence of the juice supplementation with tannin High and increased pleasantness and typicality of Gewürztraminer wines. A later supplementation with tannin High at the end of the alcoholic fermentation was sensorially not effective

Román, T.; Tonidandel, L.; Larcher, R.; Celotti, E.; Nicolini, G. (2018). Importance of polyfunctional thiols on semi-industrial Gewürztraminer wines and the correlation to technological treatments. EUROPEAN FOOD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY, 244 (3): 379-386. doi: 10.1007/s00217-017-2963-6 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/43130

Importance of polyfunctional thiols on semi-industrial Gewürztraminer wines and the correlation to technological treatments

Román, T.
Primo
;
Tonidandel, L.
Secondo
;
Larcher, R.;Nicolini, G.
Ultimo
2018-01-01

Abstract

Thiol compounds responsible for tropical fruit associated aroma have been extensively studied over the last 20 years. The occurrence of their non-aromatic precursors in grapes and musts is reported largely mainly for the cultivar Sauvignon Blanc. The presence of these thiols as precursors or free molecules in grape, juice, and wine has been reported in several different varieties, suggesting that they are more or less ubiquitous both for Vitis spp. and interspecific hybrids. The biosynthetic pathways resulting in these compounds are yet to be completely elucidated, but, in the meantime, industry needs to improve technological knowledge to better manage winemaking steps to enhance the variety-dependent aroma of wine. In this work, we studied the implications of the use of grape skin tannins—rich and poor in thiol precursors—on the final content of 3-sulfanylhexan-1-ol (3MH) and its acetate (3MHA) in wine and the effect in terms of sensory appreciability. The evaluation of 36 vinifications carried out in a semi-industrial scale permitted us to prove that only a tannin originally rich in precursors (High), when added to juice at the beginning of fermentation, enhanced both the concentration of precursors in the juice and the final concentration of aromatic thiols in the resultant wine. The 3MH and 3MHA developed as a consequence of the juice supplementation with tannin High and increased pleasantness and typicality of Gewürztraminer wines. A later supplementation with tannin High at the end of the alcoholic fermentation was sensorially not effective
Gewürztraminer
Aroma
3-mercaptohexan-1-ol
3-Mercaptohexyl acetate
Thiols
Grape tannins
Settore CHIM/10 - CHIMICA DEGLI ALIMENTI
2018
Román, T.; Tonidandel, L.; Larcher, R.; Celotti, E.; Nicolini, G. (2018). Importance of polyfunctional thiols on semi-industrial Gewürztraminer wines and the correlation to technological treatments. EUROPEAN FOOD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY, 244 (3): 379-386. doi: 10.1007/s00217-017-2963-6 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/43130
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