As part of the European TRACE project (Tracing Food commodities in Europe, VI FP, Contract N. 006942), this paper provides a wide-ranging survey of the chemical composition of 571 mineral waters bottled and marketed in 23 European countries, and discusses 39 compositional parameters (specific electric conductivity, pH, hardness, total alkalinity, ammonia, chloride, fluoride, nitrate, nitrite, sulphate, Ca, K, Mg, Na, Al, B, Ba, Cd, Ce, Co, Cs, Cu, La, Li, Lu, Mn, Mo, Nd, Ni, Pb, Rb, Se, Sm, Sr, Tl, U, V, Yb, Zn) mainly referring to legal limits and nutritional implications. According to European legislation 58.1% of samples could be defined as ‘suitable for a low-sodium diet’ while 8.1% could be defined as ‘containing sodium’, 13.7% could be labelled as ‘containing magnesium’, 10.2% as ‘containing fluoride’, 4.9% as ‘containing chloride’, 13.5% as ‘containing sulphate’ and 17.5% as ‘containing calcium’. 2.8% of samples did not conform with European Community limits for at least one parameter (Se, NO2−, Mn, Ni, Ba, F and NO3−). About 9% of samples had boron, nitrate or nitrite levels above the legal limit existing in individual European countries.

Bertoldi, D.; Bontempo, L.; Larcher, R.; Nicolini, G.; Voerkelius, S.; Lorenz, G.D.; Ueckermann, H.; Froeschl, H.; Baxter, M.J.; Hoogewerff, J.; Brereton, P. (2011). Survey of the chemical composition of 571 European bottled mineral waters. JOURNAL OF FOOD COMPOSITION AND ANALYSIS, 24 (3): 376-385. doi: 10.1016/j.jfca.2010.07.005 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/19877

Survey of the chemical composition of 571 European bottled mineral waters

Bertoldi, Daniela;Bontempo, Luana;Larcher, Roberto;Nicolini, Giorgio;
2011-01-01

Abstract

As part of the European TRACE project (Tracing Food commodities in Europe, VI FP, Contract N. 006942), this paper provides a wide-ranging survey of the chemical composition of 571 mineral waters bottled and marketed in 23 European countries, and discusses 39 compositional parameters (specific electric conductivity, pH, hardness, total alkalinity, ammonia, chloride, fluoride, nitrate, nitrite, sulphate, Ca, K, Mg, Na, Al, B, Ba, Cd, Ce, Co, Cs, Cu, La, Li, Lu, Mn, Mo, Nd, Ni, Pb, Rb, Se, Sm, Sr, Tl, U, V, Yb, Zn) mainly referring to legal limits and nutritional implications. According to European legislation 58.1% of samples could be defined as ‘suitable for a low-sodium diet’ while 8.1% could be defined as ‘containing sodium’, 13.7% could be labelled as ‘containing magnesium’, 10.2% as ‘containing fluoride’, 4.9% as ‘containing chloride’, 13.5% as ‘containing sulphate’ and 17.5% as ‘containing calcium’. 2.8% of samples did not conform with European Community limits for at least one parameter (Se, NO2−, Mn, Ni, Ba, F and NO3−). About 9% of samples had boron, nitrate or nitrite levels above the legal limit existing in individual European countries.
Mineral waters
Inorganic composition
Trace elements
Health concern
2011
Bertoldi, D.; Bontempo, L.; Larcher, R.; Nicolini, G.; Voerkelius, S.; Lorenz, G.D.; Ueckermann, H.; Froeschl, H.; Baxter, M.J.; Hoogewerff, J.; Brereton, P. (2011). Survey of the chemical composition of 571 European bottled mineral waters. JOURNAL OF FOOD COMPOSITION AND ANALYSIS, 24 (3): 376-385. doi: 10.1016/j.jfca.2010.07.005 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/19877
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