Fatty acids (FAs) metabolism in animals represents an important field of study since they influence the quality and the properties of the meat. The aim of this study is to assess the possibility to discriminate the diets of cows in different animal compartments and to study the fate of dietary FAs in the bovine organism, using carbon isotopic ratios. Five FAs, both essential (linoleic and linolenic) and non-essential (palmitic, stearic, and oleic) in four compartments (feed, rumen, liver, meat) of animals fed two different diets (based on either C3 or C4 plants) were considered. For all compartments, the carbon isotopic ratio (δ13C) of all FAs (with few exceptions) resulted significantly lower in cows fed on C3 than C4 plants, figuring as a powerful tool to discriminate between different diets. Moreover, chemical reactions taking place in each animal compartment result in fraction processes affecting the δ13C values. The δ13CFAs tendentially increase from feed to meat in group C3. On the other hand, the δ13CFAs generally increase from rumen to liver in group C4, while δ13CFAs of rumen and meat are mostly not statistically different. Different trends in the δ13CFAs of the two groups suggested different FAs fates depending on the diet

Pianezze, S.; Corazzin, M.; Bontempo, L.; Sepulcri, A.; Saccà, E.; Perini, M.; Piasentier, E. (2022). Gas Chromatography Combustion Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry to detect differences in four compartments of Simmental cows fed on C3 and C4 diets. MOLECULES, 27 (7): 2310. doi: 10.3390/molecules27072310 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/73974

Gas Chromatography Combustion Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry to detect differences in four compartments of Simmental cows fed on C3 and C4 diets

Pianezze, Silvia
Primo
;
Bontempo, Luana;Perini, Matteo
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Fatty acids (FAs) metabolism in animals represents an important field of study since they influence the quality and the properties of the meat. The aim of this study is to assess the possibility to discriminate the diets of cows in different animal compartments and to study the fate of dietary FAs in the bovine organism, using carbon isotopic ratios. Five FAs, both essential (linoleic and linolenic) and non-essential (palmitic, stearic, and oleic) in four compartments (feed, rumen, liver, meat) of animals fed two different diets (based on either C3 or C4 plants) were considered. For all compartments, the carbon isotopic ratio (δ13C) of all FAs (with few exceptions) resulted significantly lower in cows fed on C3 than C4 plants, figuring as a powerful tool to discriminate between different diets. Moreover, chemical reactions taking place in each animal compartment result in fraction processes affecting the δ13C values. The δ13CFAs tendentially increase from feed to meat in group C3. On the other hand, the δ13CFAs generally increase from rumen to liver in group C4, while δ13CFAs of rumen and meat are mostly not statistically different. Different trends in the δ13CFAs of the two groups suggested different FAs fates depending on the diet
Compound-specific gas chromatography
Fatty acids
Dietary regime
Carbon stable isotope
Animal metabolism
Settore AGR/19 - ZOOTECNICA SPECIALE
Pianezze, S.; Corazzin, M.; Bontempo, L.; Sepulcri, A.; Saccà, E.; Perini, M.; Piasentier, E. (2022). Gas Chromatography Combustion Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry to detect differences in four compartments of Simmental cows fed on C3 and C4 diets. MOLECULES, 27 (7): 2310. doi: 10.3390/molecules27072310 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/73974
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