We analyzed via untargeted UHPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS the metabolome of the berry tissues (skin, pulp, seeds) of some American Vitis species (Vitis cinerea, Vitis californica, Vitis arizonica), together with four interspecific hybrids, and seven Vitis vinifera cultivars, aiming to find differences in the metabolomes of the American Vitis sp. versus Vitis vinifera. Apart from the known differences, that is, more complex content of anthocyanins and stilbenoids in the American grapes, we observed higher procyanidin accumulation (tens to hundreds of times) in the vinifera skin and seeds in comparison to American berries, and we confirmed this result via phloroglucinolysis. In the American grapes considered, we did not detect the accumulation of pleasing aroma precursors (terpenoids, glycosides), whereas they are common in vinifera grapes. We also found accumulation of hydrolyzable tannins and their precursors in the skin of the wild American grapes, which has never been reported earlier in any of the species under investigation. Such information is needed to improve the design of new breeding programs, lowering the risk of retaining undesirable characteristics in the chemical phenotype of the offspring.

Narduzzi, L.; Stanstrup, J.; Mattivi, F. (2015). Comparing wild American grapes with Vitis vinifera: a metabolomics study of grape composition. JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY, 63 (30): 6823-6834. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.5b01999 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/25983

Comparing wild American grapes with Vitis vinifera: a metabolomics study of grape composition

Narduzzi, Luca;Stanstrup, Jan;Mattivi, Fulvio
2015-01-01

Abstract

We analyzed via untargeted UHPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS the metabolome of the berry tissues (skin, pulp, seeds) of some American Vitis species (Vitis cinerea, Vitis californica, Vitis arizonica), together with four interspecific hybrids, and seven Vitis vinifera cultivars, aiming to find differences in the metabolomes of the American Vitis sp. versus Vitis vinifera. Apart from the known differences, that is, more complex content of anthocyanins and stilbenoids in the American grapes, we observed higher procyanidin accumulation (tens to hundreds of times) in the vinifera skin and seeds in comparison to American berries, and we confirmed this result via phloroglucinolysis. In the American grapes considered, we did not detect the accumulation of pleasing aroma precursors (terpenoids, glycosides), whereas they are common in vinifera grapes. We also found accumulation of hydrolyzable tannins and their precursors in the skin of the wild American grapes, which has never been reported earlier in any of the species under investigation. Such information is needed to improve the design of new breeding programs, lowering the risk of retaining undesirable characteristics in the chemical phenotype of the offspring.
LC-MS
Vitis germplasm
Hydrolyzable tannins identification
Procyanidins quantification
Untargeted comparative analysis
Settore CHIM/10 - CHIMICA DEGLI ALIMENTI
2015
Narduzzi, L.; Stanstrup, J.; Mattivi, F. (2015). Comparing wild American grapes with Vitis vinifera: a metabolomics study of grape composition. JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY, 63 (30): 6823-6834. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.5b01999 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/25983
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