The precipitation of tartaric salts represents one of the main visual sensory faults of white wines. It can be prevented by cold stabilization or adding some adjuvants, such as potassium polyaspartate (KPA). KPA is a biopolymer that can limit the precipitation of tartaric salts linking the potassium cation, however, it could interact also with other compounds affecting wine quality. The present work aims to study the effect of potassium polyaspartate on proteins and aroma compounds of two white wines, at different storage temperatures (4 °C and 16 °C). The KPA addition showed positive effects on the quality of wines, with a significant decrease of unstable proteins (up to 92%), also related to better wine protein stability indices. A Logistic function well described the effect of KPA and storage temperature on protein concentration (R2 > 0.93; NRMSD: 1.54-3.82%). Moreover, the KPA addition allowed the preservation of the aroma concentration and no adversely effects were pointed out. Alternatively to common enological adjuvants, KPA could be considered a multifunctional product against tartaric and protein instability of white wines, avoiding adverse effects on their aroma profile

Natolino, A.; Tat, L.; Gallo, A.; Roman Villegas, T.; Celotti, E. (2023-06). Use of potassium polyaspartate on white wines: interaction with proteins and aroma compounds. FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL, 168: 112768. doi: 10.1016/j.foodres.2023.112768 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/83297

Use of potassium polyaspartate on white wines: interaction with proteins and aroma compounds

Gallo, A.;Roman Villegas, T.;
2023-06-01

Abstract

The precipitation of tartaric salts represents one of the main visual sensory faults of white wines. It can be prevented by cold stabilization or adding some adjuvants, such as potassium polyaspartate (KPA). KPA is a biopolymer that can limit the precipitation of tartaric salts linking the potassium cation, however, it could interact also with other compounds affecting wine quality. The present work aims to study the effect of potassium polyaspartate on proteins and aroma compounds of two white wines, at different storage temperatures (4 °C and 16 °C). The KPA addition showed positive effects on the quality of wines, with a significant decrease of unstable proteins (up to 92%), also related to better wine protein stability indices. A Logistic function well described the effect of KPA and storage temperature on protein concentration (R2 > 0.93; NRMSD: 1.54-3.82%). Moreover, the KPA addition allowed the preservation of the aroma concentration and no adversely effects were pointed out. Alternatively to common enological adjuvants, KPA could be considered a multifunctional product against tartaric and protein instability of white wines, avoiding adverse effects on their aroma profile
Aroma compounds
Polyaspartate
White wine
Wine proteins
Wine stabilization
Wine quality
Settore AGR/15 - SCIENZE E TECNOLOGIE ALIMENTARI
giu-2023
Natolino, A.; Tat, L.; Gallo, A.; Roman Villegas, T.; Celotti, E. (2023-06). Use of potassium polyaspartate on white wines: interaction with proteins and aroma compounds. FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL, 168: 112768. doi: 10.1016/j.foodres.2023.112768 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/83297
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