Methanol, naturally present in small quantities in the distillation of alcoholic beverages, can lead to serious health problems. When it exceeds a certain concentration, it causes blindness, organ failure, and even death if not recognized in time. Analytical techniques such as chromatography are used to detect dangerous concentrations of methanol, which are very accurate but also expensive, cumbersome, and time-consuming. Therefore, a gas sensor that is inexpensive and portable and capable of distinguishing methanol from ethanol would be very useful. Here, we present a resistive gas sensor, based on tin oxide nanowires, that works in a thermal gradient. By combining responses at various temperatures and using machine learning algorithms (PCA, SVM, LDA), the device can distinguish methanol from ethanol in a wide range of concentrations (1-100 ppm) in both dry air and under different humidity conditions (25-75% RH). The proposed sensor, which is small and inexpensive, demonstrates the ability to distinguish methanol from ethanol at different concentrations and could be developed both to detect the adulteration of alcoholic beverages and to quickly recognize methanol poisoning

Tonezzer, M.; Bazzanella, N.; Gasperi, F.; Biasioli, F. (2022-07-25). Nanosensor based on thermal gradient and machine learning for the detection of methanol adulteration in alcoholicbeverages and methanol poisoning. SENSORS, 22 (15): 5554. doi: 10.3390/s22155554 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/78977

Nanosensor based on thermal gradient and machine learning for the detection of methanol adulteration in alcoholic beverages and methanol poisoning

Tonezzer, Matteo;Gasperi, Flavia;Biasioli, Franco
2022-07-25

Abstract

Methanol, naturally present in small quantities in the distillation of alcoholic beverages, can lead to serious health problems. When it exceeds a certain concentration, it causes blindness, organ failure, and even death if not recognized in time. Analytical techniques such as chromatography are used to detect dangerous concentrations of methanol, which are very accurate but also expensive, cumbersome, and time-consuming. Therefore, a gas sensor that is inexpensive and portable and capable of distinguishing methanol from ethanol would be very useful. Here, we present a resistive gas sensor, based on tin oxide nanowires, that works in a thermal gradient. By combining responses at various temperatures and using machine learning algorithms (PCA, SVM, LDA), the device can distinguish methanol from ethanol in a wide range of concentrations (1-100 ppm) in both dry air and under different humidity conditions (25-75% RH). The proposed sensor, which is small and inexpensive, demonstrates the ability to distinguish methanol from ethanol at different concentrations and could be developed both to detect the adulteration of alcoholic beverages and to quickly recognize methanol poisoning
Ethanol
Gas sensor
Metal oxide
Methanol
Nanowires
Resistive sensor
Tin oxide
Settore AGR/15 - SCIENZE E TECNOLOGIE ALIMENTARI
25-lug-2022
Tonezzer, M.; Bazzanella, N.; Gasperi, F.; Biasioli, F. (2022-07-25). Nanosensor based on thermal gradient and machine learning for the detection of methanol adulteration in alcoholicbeverages and methanol poisoning. SENSORS, 22 (15): 5554. doi: 10.3390/s22155554 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/78977
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