Grapes and berries are two types of widely consumed fruits characterized by a high content in different phytochemicals. However, their accurate dietary assessment is particularly arduous, because of the already wide recognized bias associated with self-reporting methods, combined with the large range of species and cultivars and the fact that these fruits are popularly consumed not only in fresh and frozen forms but also as processed and derived products, including dried and canned fruits, beverages, jams, and jellies. Reporting precise type and/or quantity of grape and berries in FFQ or diaries can obviously be affected by errors. Recently, biomarkers of food intake (BFIs) rose as a promising tool to provide accurate information indicating consumption of certain food items. Protocols for performing systematic reviews in this field, as well as for assessing the validity of candidate BFIs have been developed within the Food Biomarker Alliance (FoodBAll) Project. This paper aims to evaluate the putative BIFs for blueberries, strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, cranberries, blackcurrant, and grapes. Candidate BFIs for grapes were resveratrol metabolites and tartaric acid. The metabolites considered as putative BFI for berries consumption were mostly anthocyanins derivatives together with several metabolites of ellagitannins and some aroma compounds. However, identification of BFIs for single berry types encountered more difficulties. In the absence of highly specific metabolites reported to date, we suggested some multi-metabolite panels that may be further investigated as putative biomarkers for some berry fruits.

Ulaszewska, M.; Garcia Aloy, M.; Vázquez-Manjarrez, N.; Soria-Florido, M.T.; Llorach, R.; Mattivi, F.; Manach, C. (2020). Food intake biomarkers for berries and grapes. GENES & NUTRITION, 15 (1): 17. doi: 10.1186/s12263-020-00675-z handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/64930

Food intake biomarkers for berries and grapes

Ulaszewska, M.
Primo
;
Garcia Aloy, M.
;
Mattivi, F.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Grapes and berries are two types of widely consumed fruits characterized by a high content in different phytochemicals. However, their accurate dietary assessment is particularly arduous, because of the already wide recognized bias associated with self-reporting methods, combined with the large range of species and cultivars and the fact that these fruits are popularly consumed not only in fresh and frozen forms but also as processed and derived products, including dried and canned fruits, beverages, jams, and jellies. Reporting precise type and/or quantity of grape and berries in FFQ or diaries can obviously be affected by errors. Recently, biomarkers of food intake (BFIs) rose as a promising tool to provide accurate information indicating consumption of certain food items. Protocols for performing systematic reviews in this field, as well as for assessing the validity of candidate BFIs have been developed within the Food Biomarker Alliance (FoodBAll) Project. This paper aims to evaluate the putative BIFs for blueberries, strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, cranberries, blackcurrant, and grapes. Candidate BFIs for grapes were resveratrol metabolites and tartaric acid. The metabolites considered as putative BFI for berries consumption were mostly anthocyanins derivatives together with several metabolites of ellagitannins and some aroma compounds. However, identification of BFIs for single berry types encountered more difficulties. In the absence of highly specific metabolites reported to date, we suggested some multi-metabolite panels that may be further investigated as putative biomarkers for some berry fruits.
Grape
Raisin
Strawberry
Blueberry
Blackberry
Cranberry
Raspberry
Blackcurrant
Biomarkers
Intake
Settore CHIM/10 - CHIMICA DEGLI ALIMENTI
2020
Ulaszewska, M.; Garcia Aloy, M.; Vázquez-Manjarrez, N.; Soria-Florido, M.T.; Llorach, R.; Mattivi, F.; Manach, C. (2020). Food intake biomarkers for berries and grapes. GENES & NUTRITION, 15 (1): 17. doi: 10.1186/s12263-020-00675-z handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/64930
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