High-throughput sequencing (HTS) was used to analyze the seasonal variations in the bacterioplankton community composition (BCC) in the euphotic layer of a large and deep lake south of the Alps (Lake Garda). The BCC was analyzed throughout two annual cycles by monthly samplings using the amplification and sequencing of the V3–V4 hypervariable region of the 16S rRNA gene by the MiSeq Illumina platform. The dominant and most diverse bacterioplankton phyla were among the more frequently reported in freshwater ecosystems, including the Proteobacteria, Cyanobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Verrucomicrobia, Actinobacteria, and Planctomycetes. As a distinctive feature, the development of the BCC showed a cyclical temporal pattern in the two analyzed years and throughout the euphotic layer. The recurring temporal development was controlled by the strong seasonality in water temperature and thermal stratification, and by cyclical temporal changes in nutrients and, possibly, by the remarkable annual cyclical development of cyanobacteria and eukaryotic phytoplankton hosting bacterioplankton that characterizes Lake Garda. Further downstream analyses of operational taxonomic units associated to cyanobacteria allowed confirming the presence of the most abundant taxa previously identified by microscopy and/or phylogenetic analyses, as well as the presence of other small Synechococcales/Chroococcales and rare Nostocales never identified so far in the deep lakes south of the Alps. The implications of the high diversity and strong seasonality are relevant, opening perspectives for the definition of common and discriminating patterns characterizing the temporal and spatial distribution in the BCC, and for the application of the new sequencing technologies in the monitoring of water quality in large and deep lakes

Salmaso, N.; Albanese, D.; Capelli, C.; Boscaini, A.; Pindo, M.; Donati, C. (2018). Diversity and cyclical seasonal transitions in the bacterial community in a large and deep perialpine lake. MICROBIAL ECOLOGY, 76 (1): 125-143. doi: 10.1007/s00248-017-1120-x handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/45108

Diversity and cyclical seasonal transitions in the bacterial community in a large and deep perialpine lake

Salmaso, N.
Primo
;
Albanese, D.;Capelli, C.;Boscaini, A.;Pindo, M.;Donati, C.
Ultimo
2018-01-01

Abstract

High-throughput sequencing (HTS) was used to analyze the seasonal variations in the bacterioplankton community composition (BCC) in the euphotic layer of a large and deep lake south of the Alps (Lake Garda). The BCC was analyzed throughout two annual cycles by monthly samplings using the amplification and sequencing of the V3–V4 hypervariable region of the 16S rRNA gene by the MiSeq Illumina platform. The dominant and most diverse bacterioplankton phyla were among the more frequently reported in freshwater ecosystems, including the Proteobacteria, Cyanobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Verrucomicrobia, Actinobacteria, and Planctomycetes. As a distinctive feature, the development of the BCC showed a cyclical temporal pattern in the two analyzed years and throughout the euphotic layer. The recurring temporal development was controlled by the strong seasonality in water temperature and thermal stratification, and by cyclical temporal changes in nutrients and, possibly, by the remarkable annual cyclical development of cyanobacteria and eukaryotic phytoplankton hosting bacterioplankton that characterizes Lake Garda. Further downstream analyses of operational taxonomic units associated to cyanobacteria allowed confirming the presence of the most abundant taxa previously identified by microscopy and/or phylogenetic analyses, as well as the presence of other small Synechococcales/Chroococcales and rare Nostocales never identified so far in the deep lakes south of the Alps. The implications of the high diversity and strong seasonality are relevant, opening perspectives for the definition of common and discriminating patterns characterizing the temporal and spatial distribution in the BCC, and for the application of the new sequencing technologies in the monitoring of water quality in large and deep lakes
Bacterioplankton
Cyanobacteria
High-throughput sequencing
Metagenomic
Temporal cyclical patterns
Deep lakes
Settore BIO/07 - ECOLOGIA
2018
Salmaso, N.; Albanese, D.; Capelli, C.; Boscaini, A.; Pindo, M.; Donati, C. (2018). Diversity and cyclical seasonal transitions in the bacterial community in a large and deep perialpine lake. MICROBIAL ECOLOGY, 76 (1): 125-143. doi: 10.1007/s00248-017-1120-x handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/45108
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