Wine has one of the broadest chemical profiles, and the common oenological practice of adding the antioxidant and antimicrobial sulfur dioxide has a major impact on its metabolomic fingerprint. In this study, we investigated novel discovered oenological reactions primarily occurring between wine metabolites and sulfur dioxide. The sulfonated derivatives of epicatechin, procyanidin B2, indole acetic acid, indole lactic acid and tryptophol were synthesized and for the first time quantified in wine. Analysis of 32 metabolites in 195 commercial wines (1986–2016 vintages) suggested that sulfonation of tryptophan metabolites characterised white wines, in contrast to red wines, where sulfonation of flavanols was preferred. The chemical profile of the oldest wines was strongly characterised by sulfonated flavanols and indoles, indicating that could be fundamental metabolites in explaining quality in both red and white aged wines. These findings offer new prospects for more precise use of sulfur dioxide in winemaking.

Arapitsas, P.; Guella, G.; Mattivi, F. (2018). The impact of SO2 on wine favanols and indoles in relation to wine style and age. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 8: 858. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-19185-5 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/43701

The impact of SO2 on wine favanols and indoles in relation to wine style and age

Arapitsas, P.
Primo
;
Mattivi, F.
Ultimo
2018-01-01

Abstract

Wine has one of the broadest chemical profiles, and the common oenological practice of adding the antioxidant and antimicrobial sulfur dioxide has a major impact on its metabolomic fingerprint. In this study, we investigated novel discovered oenological reactions primarily occurring between wine metabolites and sulfur dioxide. The sulfonated derivatives of epicatechin, procyanidin B2, indole acetic acid, indole lactic acid and tryptophol were synthesized and for the first time quantified in wine. Analysis of 32 metabolites in 195 commercial wines (1986–2016 vintages) suggested that sulfonation of tryptophan metabolites characterised white wines, in contrast to red wines, where sulfonation of flavanols was preferred. The chemical profile of the oldest wines was strongly characterised by sulfonated flavanols and indoles, indicating that could be fundamental metabolites in explaining quality in both red and white aged wines. These findings offer new prospects for more precise use of sulfur dioxide in winemaking.
Settore CHIM/10 - CHIMICA DEGLI ALIMENTI
2018
Arapitsas, P.; Guella, G.; Mattivi, F. (2018). The impact of SO2 on wine favanols and indoles in relation to wine style and age. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 8: 858. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-19185-5 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/43701
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