A heteroside, which produces 1,1,6-trimethyl-l,2-dihydronaphthalene (TDN) by acid Hydrolysis, was isolated from Riesling grapes by retention on Amberlite XAD-2 resin, followed by preparative TLC and HPLC techniques. It was partially identified by NMR spectroscopic procedures. The presence of a megastigm-4-en-9-one structure with an enol-ether function in the C4 position and a OH/OR function in the C6 position was ascertained . The sugar part should be constituted of two or three glucose moieties with the same NMR characteristics . The linkage of these moieties to the megastigmane structure in the C4 position and possibly also in the C6 position remains to be determined. The isolated conjugated form produced only a TDN-d4 isomer when reacted at 50 °C in D20 at different acid pH values. A possible reaction mechanism was proposed, considering the kinetics of TDN-d4 formation during the hydrolysis of the raw glycosidic fraction from two differently aged Riesling wines at pH 2, and comparing it with the kinetics of TDN formation as well. The latter may correspond to the mechanism proposed by Wr1vrERHALTER (1991). Thus, the presence of at least two different TDN precursors in grape products at different concentrations was proved.
|Citation:||Versini, G.; Rapp, A.; Marais, J.; Mattivi, F.; Spraul, M. (1996). A new 1,1,6-trimethyl-1,2-dihydronaphtalene (TDN) precursor isolated from Riesling grape products: partial structure elucidation and possible reaction mechanism. VITIS, 35 (1): 15-21. handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/18274|
|Authors:||Versini, G.; Rapp, A.; Marais, J.; Mattivi, F.; Spraul, M.|
|Title:||A new 1,1,6-trimethyl-1,2-dihydronaphtalene (TDN) precursor isolated from Riesling grape products: partial structure elucidation and possible reaction mechanism|
|IF:||With Impact Factor ISI|
|Nature of content:||Articolo in rivista/Article|
|Appears in Collections:||01 - Journal article|