This work was carried out with the aim to reduce the transformation duration of Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) Pecorino Siciliano cheese. To this purpose, the cooking in hot water (experimental production, EXP) was compared to the traditional cheese cooking under whey permeate (control production, CTR). The microbiological composition of under rind (UR) and core (Co) section of CTR and EXP cheeses was determined by a combined culture-dependent and -independent approach. Total mesophilic microorganisms and lactic acid bacteria (LAB) present in raw ewes' milk (5.0 log CFU/mL) increased during cheese making and reached values of about 8.0 log CFU/g in both sections (UR and Co) of 5-month ripened cheeses of both productions (CTR and EXP) monitored. The identification of the viable LAB populations in ripened cheeses showed that Enterococcus, Lacticaseibacillus, Lactiplantibacillus, Levilactobacillus, Limosilactobacillus and Streptococcus dominated UR and Co sections of all cheeses. MiSeq Illumina analysis demonstrated that LAB populations (lactobacilli, lactococci and streptococci) dominated the bacterial community of cheeses at 95.63-98.41 % of relative abundance. The two different cooking operations did not influence the physicochemical characteristics of PDO Pecorino Siciliano cheeses. Sensory evaluation performed by artificial senses analysis and trained panelists confirmed that the modification of PDO Pecorino Siciliano cheese production protocol did not significantly affect product characteristics and overall acceptance. Thus, data of this work confirmed that cooking under hot water allowed to reduce transformation duration and safeguard typicality of PDO Pecorino Siciliano cheese.

Todaro, M.; Garofalo, G.; Busetta, G.; Gannuscio, R.; Di Rosa, A.R.; Scatassa, M.L.; Cardamone, C.; Mancuso, I.; Franciosi, E.; Rando, F.; Agnolucci, M.; Chiofalo, V.; Gaglio, R.; Settanni, L. (2024). Reduction of PDO Pecorino Siciliano cheese making duration: microbial dynamics and quality attributes deriving from replacing whey permeate with hot water during cooking. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD MICROBIOLOGY, 410: 110481. doi: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2023.110481 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/83875

Reduction of PDO Pecorino Siciliano cheese making duration: microbial dynamics and quality attributes deriving from replacing whey permeate with hot water during cooking

Franciosi, Elena;
2024-01-01

Abstract

This work was carried out with the aim to reduce the transformation duration of Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) Pecorino Siciliano cheese. To this purpose, the cooking in hot water (experimental production, EXP) was compared to the traditional cheese cooking under whey permeate (control production, CTR). The microbiological composition of under rind (UR) and core (Co) section of CTR and EXP cheeses was determined by a combined culture-dependent and -independent approach. Total mesophilic microorganisms and lactic acid bacteria (LAB) present in raw ewes' milk (5.0 log CFU/mL) increased during cheese making and reached values of about 8.0 log CFU/g in both sections (UR and Co) of 5-month ripened cheeses of both productions (CTR and EXP) monitored. The identification of the viable LAB populations in ripened cheeses showed that Enterococcus, Lacticaseibacillus, Lactiplantibacillus, Levilactobacillus, Limosilactobacillus and Streptococcus dominated UR and Co sections of all cheeses. MiSeq Illumina analysis demonstrated that LAB populations (lactobacilli, lactococci and streptococci) dominated the bacterial community of cheeses at 95.63-98.41 % of relative abundance. The two different cooking operations did not influence the physicochemical characteristics of PDO Pecorino Siciliano cheeses. Sensory evaluation performed by artificial senses analysis and trained panelists confirmed that the modification of PDO Pecorino Siciliano cheese production protocol did not significantly affect product characteristics and overall acceptance. Thus, data of this work confirmed that cooking under hot water allowed to reduce transformation duration and safeguard typicality of PDO Pecorino Siciliano cheese.
Artificial senses
Illumina technology
Lactic acid bacteria
Physicochemical composition
Sensory traits
Traditional cheese
Settore AGR/15 - SCIENZE E TECNOLOGIE ALIMENTARI
2024
Todaro, M.; Garofalo, G.; Busetta, G.; Gannuscio, R.; Di Rosa, A.R.; Scatassa, M.L.; Cardamone, C.; Mancuso, I.; Franciosi, E.; Rando, F.; Agnolucci, M.; Chiofalo, V.; Gaglio, R.; Settanni, L. (2024). Reduction of PDO Pecorino Siciliano cheese making duration: microbial dynamics and quality attributes deriving from replacing whey permeate with hot water during cooking. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD MICROBIOLOGY, 410: 110481. doi: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2023.110481 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/83875
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