Firmness is an important parameter for fresh blueberries as it influences the quality perceived by consumers and postharvest storage potential. However, the blueberry research community has not yet identified a universal standard method that can evaluate firmness for quality purposes. Different mechanical tests have been considered, offering different perspectives on this quality trait. This review summarises the most common methods previously used to evaluate textural and mechanical properties of fresh blueberries as influenced by pre- and postharvest factors. In addition, this review intends to assist the blueberry research community and commercial supply chain when selecting suitable methods to measure blueberry firmness as a fruit quality response. Different research initiatives to develop, optimize or standardise instrumental methods to assess blueberry firmness and relate to consumer sensory perception are reviewed. Mechanical parameters obtained by compression tests are the most previously used techniques to evaluate the influence of genotype, maturity, calcium, and postharvest management on blueberry firmness or to relate to sensory descriptors. However, standardising operational settings (e.g., compression distance, loading speed, and calculation procedures) is required to make results comparable across data collection conditions. Whether other mechanical test methods such as penetration or a combination of tests can better characterise blueberry quality or the relationship with consumer acceptance remains unknown and is worth studying

Rivera, S.; Giongo, L.; Cappai, F.; Kerckhoffs, H.; Sofkova-Bobcheva, S.; Hutchins, D.; East, A. (2022). Blueberry firmness: a review of the textural and mechanical properties used in quality evaluations. POSTHARVEST BIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY, 192: 112016. doi: 10.1016/j.postharvbio.2022.112016 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/81016

Blueberry firmness: a review of the textural and mechanical properties used in quality evaluations

Giongo, Lara;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Firmness is an important parameter for fresh blueberries as it influences the quality perceived by consumers and postharvest storage potential. However, the blueberry research community has not yet identified a universal standard method that can evaluate firmness for quality purposes. Different mechanical tests have been considered, offering different perspectives on this quality trait. This review summarises the most common methods previously used to evaluate textural and mechanical properties of fresh blueberries as influenced by pre- and postharvest factors. In addition, this review intends to assist the blueberry research community and commercial supply chain when selecting suitable methods to measure blueberry firmness as a fruit quality response. Different research initiatives to develop, optimize or standardise instrumental methods to assess blueberry firmness and relate to consumer sensory perception are reviewed. Mechanical parameters obtained by compression tests are the most previously used techniques to evaluate the influence of genotype, maturity, calcium, and postharvest management on blueberry firmness or to relate to sensory descriptors. However, standardising operational settings (e.g., compression distance, loading speed, and calculation procedures) is required to make results comparable across data collection conditions. Whether other mechanical test methods such as penetration or a combination of tests can better characterise blueberry quality or the relationship with consumer acceptance remains unknown and is worth studying
Vaccinium spp
Compression test
Penetration test
Texture profile analysis
Settore AGR/07 - GENETICA AGRARIA
2022
Rivera, S.; Giongo, L.; Cappai, F.; Kerckhoffs, H.; Sofkova-Bobcheva, S.; Hutchins, D.; East, A. (2022). Blueberry firmness: a review of the textural and mechanical properties used in quality evaluations. POSTHARVEST BIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY, 192: 112016. doi: 10.1016/j.postharvbio.2022.112016 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/81016
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