In this study, hydrochar (HC), a carbon-rich product originated from hydrothermal conversion treatment (HTC), was obtained from wastes of the wine and dairy industries. The effect of mixing secondary char and compost was tested, before and after the aerobic mixing of compost (COM) and HC at increasing doses (from 15 to 75 Mg ha-1 DM), in an effort to lower the HC phytotoxicity due to potential phytotoxic compounds of secondary char. The results indicated that, after the aerobic stabilization, the mix HC/COM was able to double the plant growth in comparison to COM alone. The presence of easily degradable organic compounds probably led to poor stability of HC, increased microbial activity and, consequently, root anoxia when used at high doses. Chemical, spectroscopic and thermal investigation confirmed this hypothesis. In particular, HC shows a high content of dissolved organic matter, characterized by the presence of small molecules, which is negatively correlated with the growth index of lettuce. Furthermore, thermal characterization suggests a higher proportion of less complex and thermally stable molecular compounds in HC in comparison to COM. Therefore, co-composting of HC allows obtaining a useful amendment to support soil organic matter and fertility

Bona, D.; Bertoldi, D.; Borgonovo, G.; Mazzini, S.; Ravasi, S.; Silvestri, S.; Zaccone, C.; Giannetta, B.; Tambone, F. (2023-02-02). Evaluating the potential of hydrochar as a soil amendment. WASTE MANAGEMENT, 159: 75-83. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2023.01.024 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/78338

Evaluating the potential of hydrochar as a soil amendment

Bona, Daniela
Primo
;
Bertoldi, Daniela;Silvestri, Silvia;
2023-02-02

Abstract

In this study, hydrochar (HC), a carbon-rich product originated from hydrothermal conversion treatment (HTC), was obtained from wastes of the wine and dairy industries. The effect of mixing secondary char and compost was tested, before and after the aerobic mixing of compost (COM) and HC at increasing doses (from 15 to 75 Mg ha-1 DM), in an effort to lower the HC phytotoxicity due to potential phytotoxic compounds of secondary char. The results indicated that, after the aerobic stabilization, the mix HC/COM was able to double the plant growth in comparison to COM alone. The presence of easily degradable organic compounds probably led to poor stability of HC, increased microbial activity and, consequently, root anoxia when used at high doses. Chemical, spectroscopic and thermal investigation confirmed this hypothesis. In particular, HC shows a high content of dissolved organic matter, characterized by the presence of small molecules, which is negatively correlated with the growth index of lettuce. Furthermore, thermal characterization suggests a higher proportion of less complex and thermally stable molecular compounds in HC in comparison to COM. Therefore, co-composting of HC allows obtaining a useful amendment to support soil organic matter and fertility
1H NMR
13C CPMAS NMR
Compost
Lactuca sativa
Phytotoxicity
Thermal analysis
Settore BIO/13 - BIOLOGIA APPLICATA
2-feb-2023
Bona, D.; Bertoldi, D.; Borgonovo, G.; Mazzini, S.; Ravasi, S.; Silvestri, S.; Zaccone, C.; Giannetta, B.; Tambone, F. (2023-02-02). Evaluating the potential of hydrochar as a soil amendment. WASTE MANAGEMENT, 159: 75-83. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2023.01.024 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/78338
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