The improvement of grapevine through biotechnology requires identification of the molecular bases of target traits by studying marker-trait associations. The Vitis18K SNP chip provides a useful genotyping tool for genome-wide marker analysis. Most linkage maps are based on single mapping populations, but an integrated map can increase marker density and show order conservation. Here we present an integrated map based on three mapping populations. The parents consist of the well-known wine cultivars ‘Cabernet Sauvignon’, ‘Corvina’ and ‘Rhine Riesling’, the lesser-known wine variety ‘Deckrot’, and a table grape selection, G1-7720. Three high-density population maps with an average inter-locus gap ranging from 0.74 to 0.99 cM were developed. These maps show high correlations (0.9965–0.9971) with the reference assembly, containing only 93 markers with large order discrepancies compared to expected physical positions, of which a third is consistent across multiple populations. Moreover, the genetic data aid the further refinement of the grapevine genome assembly, by anchoring 104 yet unanchored scaffolds. From these population maps, an integrated map was constructed which includes 6697 molecular markers and reduces the inter-locus gap distance to 0.60 cM, resulting in the densest integrated map for grapevine thus far. A small number of discrepancies, mainly of short distance, involve 88 markers that remain conflictual across maps. The integrated map shows similar collinearity to the reference assembly (0.9974) as the single maps. This high-density map increases our understanding of the grapevine genome and provides a useful tool for its further characterization and the dissection of complex traits

Vervalle, J.A.; Costantini, L.; Lorenzi, S.; Pindo, M.; Mora, R.; Bolognesi, G.; Marini, M.; Lashbrooke, J.G.; Tobutt, K.R.; Vivier, M.A.; Roodt‑wilding, R.; Grando, M.S.; Bellin, D. (2022). A high‑density integrated map for grapevine based on three mapping populations genotyped by the Vitis18K SNP chip. THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS, 135: 4371-4390. doi: 10.1007/s00122-022-04225-6 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/77695

A high‑density integrated map for grapevine based on three mapping populations genotyped by the Vitis18K SNP chip

Costantini, L.;Lorenzi, S.;Pindo, M.;Grando, M. S.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

The improvement of grapevine through biotechnology requires identification of the molecular bases of target traits by studying marker-trait associations. The Vitis18K SNP chip provides a useful genotyping tool for genome-wide marker analysis. Most linkage maps are based on single mapping populations, but an integrated map can increase marker density and show order conservation. Here we present an integrated map based on three mapping populations. The parents consist of the well-known wine cultivars ‘Cabernet Sauvignon’, ‘Corvina’ and ‘Rhine Riesling’, the lesser-known wine variety ‘Deckrot’, and a table grape selection, G1-7720. Three high-density population maps with an average inter-locus gap ranging from 0.74 to 0.99 cM were developed. These maps show high correlations (0.9965–0.9971) with the reference assembly, containing only 93 markers with large order discrepancies compared to expected physical positions, of which a third is consistent across multiple populations. Moreover, the genetic data aid the further refinement of the grapevine genome assembly, by anchoring 104 yet unanchored scaffolds. From these population maps, an integrated map was constructed which includes 6697 molecular markers and reduces the inter-locus gap distance to 0.60 cM, resulting in the densest integrated map for grapevine thus far. A small number of discrepancies, mainly of short distance, involve 88 markers that remain conflictual across maps. The integrated map shows similar collinearity to the reference assembly (0.9974) as the single maps. This high-density map increases our understanding of the grapevine genome and provides a useful tool for its further characterization and the dissection of complex traits
Vitis vinifera
Genetic linkage maps
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Consensus map building
Settore AGR/07 - GENETICA AGRARIA
2022
Vervalle, J.A.; Costantini, L.; Lorenzi, S.; Pindo, M.; Mora, R.; Bolognesi, G.; Marini, M.; Lashbrooke, J.G.; Tobutt, K.R.; Vivier, M.A.; Roodt‑wilding, R.; Grando, M.S.; Bellin, D. (2022). A high‑density integrated map for grapevine based on three mapping populations genotyped by the Vitis18K SNP chip. THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS, 135: 4371-4390. doi: 10.1007/s00122-022-04225-6 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/77695
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