Hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) and bees (Hymenoptera: Anthophila) are two key taxa for plant pollination. In the present research, the altitudinal distribution of these taxa was studied along two gradients (elevation range: 780–2130 m) in the Dolomiti Bellunesi National Park (Northeastern Italy). Pan traps were used as a sampling device to collect both hoverflies and bees. Other than altitude, the effect of landscape complexity and plant diversity were considered as potential predictors of hoverfly and bee richness and abundance along the two gradients. A total of 68 species of hoverflies and 67 of bees were collected during one sampling year, confirming the efficacy of pan traps as a sampling device to study these taxa. Altitude was the main variable affecting both hoverfly and bee distribution. The two taxa show different distribution patterns: hoverflies have a unimodal distribution (richness and abundance) with peak at middle altitude (1500 m), while bees have a monotonic decline (richness and abundance) with increasing altitude. Both hoverfly and bee populations change with the increasing altitude, but the change in hoverflies is more pronounced than in bees. Species turnover dominates the β-diversity both for hoverflies and bees; therefore, the hoverfly and bee communities at higher altitudes are not subsamples of species at lower altitude but are characterized by different species. This poses important conservation consequences. Some rare species, typical of an alpine habitat were recorded; the present research represents important baseline data to plan a monitoring scheme aimed at evaluating the effect of climate change on pollinators in these fragile habitats

Sommaggio, D.; Zanotelli, L.; Vettorazzo, E.; Burgio, G.; Fontana, P. (2022). Different distribution patterns of hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) and bees (Hymenoptera: Anthophila) along altitudinal gradients in Dolomiti Bellunesi National Park (Italy). INSECTS, 13 (3): 293. doi: 10.3390/insects13030293 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/74346

Different distribution patterns of hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) and bees (Hymenoptera: Anthophila) along altitudinal gradients in Dolomiti Bellunesi National Park (Italy)

Zanotelli, Livia;Fontana, Paolo
Ultimo
2022-01-01

Abstract

Hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) and bees (Hymenoptera: Anthophila) are two key taxa for plant pollination. In the present research, the altitudinal distribution of these taxa was studied along two gradients (elevation range: 780–2130 m) in the Dolomiti Bellunesi National Park (Northeastern Italy). Pan traps were used as a sampling device to collect both hoverflies and bees. Other than altitude, the effect of landscape complexity and plant diversity were considered as potential predictors of hoverfly and bee richness and abundance along the two gradients. A total of 68 species of hoverflies and 67 of bees were collected during one sampling year, confirming the efficacy of pan traps as a sampling device to study these taxa. Altitude was the main variable affecting both hoverfly and bee distribution. The two taxa show different distribution patterns: hoverflies have a unimodal distribution (richness and abundance) with peak at middle altitude (1500 m), while bees have a monotonic decline (richness and abundance) with increasing altitude. Both hoverfly and bee populations change with the increasing altitude, but the change in hoverflies is more pronounced than in bees. Species turnover dominates the β-diversity both for hoverflies and bees; therefore, the hoverfly and bee communities at higher altitudes are not subsamples of species at lower altitude but are characterized by different species. This poses important conservation consequences. Some rare species, typical of an alpine habitat were recorded; the present research represents important baseline data to plan a monitoring scheme aimed at evaluating the effect of climate change on pollinators in these fragile habitats
Syrphidae
Anthophila
Hoverflies
Bees
Pan trap
Altitudinal distribution
Italian national parks
Settore AGR/11 - ENTOMOLOGIA GENERALE E APPLICATA
2022
Sommaggio, D.; Zanotelli, L.; Vettorazzo, E.; Burgio, G.; Fontana, P. (2022). Different distribution patterns of hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) and bees (Hymenoptera: Anthophila) along altitudinal gradients in Dolomiti Bellunesi National Park (Italy). INSECTS, 13 (3): 293. doi: 10.3390/insects13030293 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/74346
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