Mgaloblishvili, a Vitis vinifera cultivar, exhibits unique resistance traits against Plasmopara viticola, the downy mildew agent. This oers the unique opportunity of exploring the molecular responses in compatible and incompatible plant-pathogen interaction. In this study, whole transcriptomes of Mgaloblishvili, Pinot noir (a V. vinifera susceptible cultivar), and Bianca (a resistant hybrid) leaves, inoculated and non-inoculated with the pathogen, were used to identify P. viticola eector-encoding genes and plant susceptibility/resistance genes. Multiple eector-encoding genes were identified in P. viticola transcriptome, with remarkable expression dierences in relation to the inoculated grapevine cultivar. Intriguingly, five apoplastic eectors specifically associated with resistance in V. vinifera. Gene coexpression network analysis identified specific modules and metabolic changes occurring during infection in the three grapevine cultivars. Analysis of these data allowed, for the first time, the detection in V. vinifera of a putative P. viticola susceptibility gene, encoding a LOB domain-containing protein. Finally, the de novo assembly of Mgaloblishvili, Pinot noir, and Bianca transcriptomes and their comparison highlighted novel candidate genes that might be at the basis of the resistant phenotype. These results open the way to functional analysis studies and to new perspectives in molecular breeding of grapevine for resistance to P. viticola.

Toffolatti, S.L.; De Lorenzis, G.; Brilli, M.; Moser, M.; Shariati, V.; Tavakol, E.; Maddalena, G.; Passera, A.; Casati, P.; Pindo, M.; Cestaro, A.; Maghradze, D.; Failla, O.; Bianco, P.A.; Quaglino, F. (2020). Novel aspects on the interaction between grapevine and Plasmopara viticola: dual-RNA-Seq analysis highlights gene expression dynamics in the pathogen and the plant during the battle for infection. GENES, 11 (3): 261. doi: 10.3390/genes11030261 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/64760

Novel aspects on the interaction between grapevine and Plasmopara viticola: dual-RNA-Seq analysis highlights gene expression dynamics in the pathogen and the plant during the battle for infection

Moser, M.;Pindo, M.;Cestaro, A.;
2020

Abstract

Mgaloblishvili, a Vitis vinifera cultivar, exhibits unique resistance traits against Plasmopara viticola, the downy mildew agent. This oers the unique opportunity of exploring the molecular responses in compatible and incompatible plant-pathogen interaction. In this study, whole transcriptomes of Mgaloblishvili, Pinot noir (a V. vinifera susceptible cultivar), and Bianca (a resistant hybrid) leaves, inoculated and non-inoculated with the pathogen, were used to identify P. viticola eector-encoding genes and plant susceptibility/resistance genes. Multiple eector-encoding genes were identified in P. viticola transcriptome, with remarkable expression dierences in relation to the inoculated grapevine cultivar. Intriguingly, five apoplastic eectors specifically associated with resistance in V. vinifera. Gene coexpression network analysis identified specific modules and metabolic changes occurring during infection in the three grapevine cultivars. Analysis of these data allowed, for the first time, the detection in V. vinifera of a putative P. viticola susceptibility gene, encoding a LOB domain-containing protein. Finally, the de novo assembly of Mgaloblishvili, Pinot noir, and Bianca transcriptomes and their comparison highlighted novel candidate genes that might be at the basis of the resistant phenotype. These results open the way to functional analysis studies and to new perspectives in molecular breeding of grapevine for resistance to P. viticola.
Plant–pathogen interaction
Disease resistance and susceptibility
Oomycete effectors
Susceptibility genes
Resistance genes
Transcriptome
RNA-Seq
Settore AGR/07 - GENETICA AGRARIA
Toffolatti, S.L.; De Lorenzis, G.; Brilli, M.; Moser, M.; Shariati, V.; Tavakol, E.; Maddalena, G.; Passera, A.; Casati, P.; Pindo, M.; Cestaro, A.; Maghradze, D.; Failla, O.; Bianco, P.A.; Quaglino, F. (2020). Novel aspects on the interaction between grapevine and Plasmopara viticola: dual-RNA-Seq analysis highlights gene expression dynamics in the pathogen and the plant during the battle for infection. GENES, 11 (3): 261. doi: 10.3390/genes11030261 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/64760
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