Introduction and aims. Gut microbiome alteration represents a key factor in cirrhosis progression and onset of its neuropsychiatric complications. In particular, gut ammonia production by microbial activity is one of the main factors implicated in Hepatic Encephalopathy (HE) develop. Even if widely studied, the gut microbial dynamics during HE treatment with prebiotic, antibiotic and probiotic is only partially understood due to the different experimental approaches and inter-patient variability. Moreover, data on ammonia levels are usually related to circulating levels. Using faeces from patients with cirrhosis, we investigated, how gut microbiota modulation by prebiotic, antibiotic and probiotic treatments effects microbial ammonia production using in vitro batch culture models. Methods Fecal samples from six patients with cirrhosis (average age 66±3.3; Child-Pugh respectively A (n=5), and B (n=1); average MELD score 9±2.8) were used to inoculate independent 24-hour batch culture fermentations at controlled pH (6.8). Prebiotic (lactulose), antibiotic (rifaximin) and probiotic (VSL#3) treatments were performed alone and in combination. Microbial populations were enumerated using culture independent Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization (FISH), and ammonia concentrations were determined at 0, 4, 10 and 24 hours. Results Prebiotic and probiotic treatments modulated the cirrhotic microbiota including a significant increase in Bifidobacteria, seen as beneficial microbiota components. Across the six patients, ammonia levels were reduced by prebiotic and antibiotic treatments with respect to control. The probiotic mixture VSL#3, when considered alone, seems to increase ammonia levels during the 24 hours. The administration of VSL#3 together with rifaximin and lactulose, decreased ammonia concentrations below the starting level. Conclusions This study emphasizes the potential of gut microbiota modulation as a target for relieving the symptoms of HE by regulating colonic ammonia production. Differences in ammonia production between antibiotic, prebiotic and probiotic treatments suggest a modulation in ammonia production rather than increased size of the “colonic ammonia sink” via microbial biomass alone, as a possible mode of action.
|Citation:||Mancini, A.; Campagna, F.; Amodio, P.; Pravadelli, C.; Tuohy, K. (2015). Hepatic encephalopathy and gut microbiota: in vitro microbial and ammonia modulation by prebiotic, antibiotic and probiotic treatment.. In: EASL monothematic conference: microbiota, metabolism and NAFLD, Innsbruck, Austria, 26-28 February 2015. url: https://events.easl.eu/EventPortal/Information/EventInformation.aspx?EventInformationPageCode=HOME&EventCode=MI handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/29100|
|Organization unit:||Food Quality and Nutrition Department # CRI_2011-JAN2016|
|Authors:||Mancini, A.; Campagna, F.; Amodio, P.; Pravadelli, C.; Tuohy, K.|
|Title:||Hepatic encephalopathy and gut microbiota: in vitro microbial and ammonia modulation by prebiotic, antibiotic and probiotic treatment.|
|Scientific Disciplinary Area:||Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia E Microbiologia Clinica|
|Appears in Collections:||03 - Conference object|