Despite the high potential of strains belonging to the genus Lysobacter to be developed as novel biofungicides, little is known on how environmental factors may influence their ability to control plant pathogens. In order to address this issue, we studied the impact of temperature on the physiology of a specific strain, L. capsici AZ78, in particular on traits associated with the biocontrol efficacy of Phytophthora infestans and the colonization rate of tomato phyllosphere. L. capsici AZ78 effectively colonizes tomato leaves and controls P. infestans infections when treated plants are exposed to 15 and 25°C for 24 h. Conversely, the exposure to 35 drastically reduces the persistency of living bacterial cells on tomato leaves and the biocontrol of the plant pathogenic oomycete. At 37°C the bacterium dies. The reduction in biocontrol efficacy of L. capsici AZ78 at 35°C could be associated with the impaired anti-oomycete and proteolytic activity recorded in vitro at the same temperature. Furthermore, other physiological characteristics of L. capsici AZ78 cells are modulated by temperature. Indeed, bacterial cells originated upon 24 h incubation at 15 and 25°C are highly resitant to UV light irradiation and copper ions, while the incubation at 35°C increases the lethal effect of both these factors. Results obtained in this work indicate that the future applications under field conditions of L. capsci AZ78 should be targeted against plant diseases that occur in a temperature range of 15-25°C and avoided for the control of phytopathogens when temperature reach 35°C.

Puopolo, G.; Palmieri, M.C.; Giovannini, O.; Pertot, I. (2015). First insights on the impact of temperature on the survival and biocontrol efficacy of a member of the Lysobacter genus. In: 10th International PGPR Workshop Liège, Belgium, 16-19 June 2015. url: http://www.events.gembloux.ulg.ac.be/pgpr2015/ handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/25381

First insights on the impact of temperature on the survival and biocontrol efficacy of a member of the Lysobacter genus

Puopolo, Gerardo;Palmieri, Maria Cristina;Giovannini, Oscar;Pertot, Ilaria
2015-01-01

Abstract

Despite the high potential of strains belonging to the genus Lysobacter to be developed as novel biofungicides, little is known on how environmental factors may influence their ability to control plant pathogens. In order to address this issue, we studied the impact of temperature on the physiology of a specific strain, L. capsici AZ78, in particular on traits associated with the biocontrol efficacy of Phytophthora infestans and the colonization rate of tomato phyllosphere. L. capsici AZ78 effectively colonizes tomato leaves and controls P. infestans infections when treated plants are exposed to 15 and 25°C for 24 h. Conversely, the exposure to 35 drastically reduces the persistency of living bacterial cells on tomato leaves and the biocontrol of the plant pathogenic oomycete. At 37°C the bacterium dies. The reduction in biocontrol efficacy of L. capsici AZ78 at 35°C could be associated with the impaired anti-oomycete and proteolytic activity recorded in vitro at the same temperature. Furthermore, other physiological characteristics of L. capsici AZ78 cells are modulated by temperature. Indeed, bacterial cells originated upon 24 h incubation at 15 and 25°C are highly resitant to UV light irradiation and copper ions, while the incubation at 35°C increases the lethal effect of both these factors. Results obtained in this work indicate that the future applications under field conditions of L. capsci AZ78 should be targeted against plant diseases that occur in a temperature range of 15-25°C and avoided for the control of phytopathogens when temperature reach 35°C.
Lysobacter capsici
Temperature
Biological control
Phytophthora infestans
Lysobacter capsici
Temperatura
Controllo biologico
Phytophthora infestans
Puopolo, G.; Palmieri, M.C.; Giovannini, O.; Pertot, I. (2015). First insights on the impact of temperature on the survival and biocontrol efficacy of a member of the Lysobacter genus. In: 10th International PGPR Workshop Liège, Belgium, 16-19 June 2015. url: http://www.events.gembloux.ulg.ac.be/pgpr2015/ handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/25381
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Puopolo_PGPR 2015.docx

accesso aperto

Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 19.35 kB
Formato Microsoft Word XML
19.35 kB Microsoft Word XML Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/25381
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact