The world is facing its sixth extinction crisis with freshwater fish species being particularly endangered. Thereby, the emerging scientific field of conservation genetics is applying molecular genetics tools to study patterns and processes characterising endangered taxa. In detail, conservation genetics are used to (i) detect and reduce extinction risk, (ii) identify and prioritise populations for conservation, (iii) define management units, (iv) resolve taxonomic problems, (v) control invasive taxa and (vi) measure anthropogenic introgression. This review provides a general introduction to conservation genetics, itemises and describes concerning topics and themes and outlines most prominent molecular techniques used in conservation biology. In addition, recent scientific projects of conservation genetic content and focusing on endangered Northern Adriatic salmonids are introduced. Finally, perspectives for future conservation genetic endeavours with special emphasis on the Northern Adriatic region are proposed.

Meraner, A.; Gandolfi, A. (2013). Conservation genetics of freshwater fishes with special emphasis on Northern Adriatic Salmonids. QUADERNI. ETP, 35: 37-44. handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/23014

Conservation genetics of freshwater fishes with special emphasis on Northern Adriatic Salmonids

Meraner, Andreas;Gandolfi, Andrea
2013-01-01

Abstract

The world is facing its sixth extinction crisis with freshwater fish species being particularly endangered. Thereby, the emerging scientific field of conservation genetics is applying molecular genetics tools to study patterns and processes characterising endangered taxa. In detail, conservation genetics are used to (i) detect and reduce extinction risk, (ii) identify and prioritise populations for conservation, (iii) define management units, (iv) resolve taxonomic problems, (v) control invasive taxa and (vi) measure anthropogenic introgression. This review provides a general introduction to conservation genetics, itemises and describes concerning topics and themes and outlines most prominent molecular techniques used in conservation biology. In addition, recent scientific projects of conservation genetic content and focusing on endangered Northern Adriatic salmonids are introduced. Finally, perspectives for future conservation genetic endeavours with special emphasis on the Northern Adriatic region are proposed.
Conservation genetics of freshwater fishes
Northern Adriatic
Brown trout
Salmo trutta
Marble trout
Salmo (trutta) marmoratus
European grayling
Thymallus thymallus
Genetica di conservazione dell'ittiofauna d'acqua dolce
Nord Adriatico
Trota fario
Salmo trutta
Trota marmorata
Salmo (trutta) marmoratus
Temolo europeo
Thymallus thymallus
Settore BIO/07 - ECOLOGIA
Meraner, A.; Gandolfi, A. (2013). Conservation genetics of freshwater fishes with special emphasis on Northern Adriatic Salmonids. QUADERNI. ETP, 35: 37-44. handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/23014
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