Metataxonomic studies of ecosystem microbiotas require the simultaneous processing of samples with contrasting physical and biochemical traits. However, there are no published studies of comparisons of different DNA extraction kits to characterize the microbiotas of the main components of terrestrial ecosystems. Here, and to our knowledge for the first time, five DNA extraction kits were used to investigate the composition and diversity of the microbiota of a subset of samples typically studied in terrestrial ecosystems such as bulk soil, rhizosphere soil, invertebrate taxa and mammalian feces. DNA extraction kit was associated with changes in the relative abundance of hundreds of ASVs, in the same samples, resulting in significant differences in alpha and beta diversity estimates of their microbiotas. Importantly, the impact of DNA extraction kit on sample diversity varies according to sample type, with mammalian feces and soil samples showing the most and least consistent diversity estimates across DNA extraction kits, respectively. We show that the MACHEREY-NAGEL NucleoSpin® Soil kit was associated with the highest alpha diversity estimates, providing the highest contribution to the overall sample diversity, as indicated by comparisons with computationally assembled reference communities, and is recommended to be used for any large-scale microbiota study of terrestrial ecosystems

Galla, G.; Praeg, N.; Rzehak, T.; Sprecher, E.; Colla, F.; Seeber, J.; Illmer, P.; Hauffe, H.C. (2024-04-15). Comparison of DNA extraction methods on different sample matrices within the same terrestrial ecosystem. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 14 (1): 8715. doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-59086-4 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/85757

Comparison of DNA extraction methods on different sample matrices within the same terrestrial ecosystem

Galla, Giulio
Primo
;
Sprecher, Else;Hauffe, Heidi C.
Ultimo
2024-04-15

Abstract

Metataxonomic studies of ecosystem microbiotas require the simultaneous processing of samples with contrasting physical and biochemical traits. However, there are no published studies of comparisons of different DNA extraction kits to characterize the microbiotas of the main components of terrestrial ecosystems. Here, and to our knowledge for the first time, five DNA extraction kits were used to investigate the composition and diversity of the microbiota of a subset of samples typically studied in terrestrial ecosystems such as bulk soil, rhizosphere soil, invertebrate taxa and mammalian feces. DNA extraction kit was associated with changes in the relative abundance of hundreds of ASVs, in the same samples, resulting in significant differences in alpha and beta diversity estimates of their microbiotas. Importantly, the impact of DNA extraction kit on sample diversity varies according to sample type, with mammalian feces and soil samples showing the most and least consistent diversity estimates across DNA extraction kits, respectively. We show that the MACHEREY-NAGEL NucleoSpin® Soil kit was associated with the highest alpha diversity estimates, providing the highest contribution to the overall sample diversity, as indicated by comparisons with computationally assembled reference communities, and is recommended to be used for any large-scale microbiota study of terrestrial ecosystems
16S rRNA gene
Amplicon-sequencing
MICCA
Metataxonomy
Method evaluation
Settore BIO/05 - ZOOLOGIA
15-apr-2024
Galla, G.; Praeg, N.; Rzehak, T.; Sprecher, E.; Colla, F.; Seeber, J.; Illmer, P.; Hauffe, H.C. (2024-04-15). Comparison of DNA extraction methods on different sample matrices within the same terrestrial ecosystem. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 14 (1): 8715. doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-59086-4 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/85757
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