Antibiotic resistance is a growing global concern, but our understanding of the spread of resistant bacteria in remote regions remains limited. While some level of intrinsic resistance likely contributes to reduced susceptibility to antimicrobials in the environment, it is evident that human actions, particularly the (mis)use of antibiotics, play a significant role in shaping the environmental resistome, even in seemingly distant habitats like glacier ice sheets. Our research aims to bridge this knowledge gap by investigating the direct influence of human activities on the presence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in various habitats. To achieve a comprehensive assessment of anthropogenic impact across diverse and seemingly isolated sampling sites, we developed an innovative approach utilizing Corine Land Cover data and heatmaps generated from sports activity trackers. This method allowed us to make meaningful comparisons across relatively pristine environments. Our findings indicate a noteworthy increase in culturable antibiotic-resistant bacteria with heightened human influence, as evidenced by our analysis of glacier, snow, and lake water samples. Notably, the most significant concentrations of antibiotic-resistant and multidrug-resistant microorganisms were discovered in two highly impacted sampling locations, namely the Tux Glacier and Gas Station Ellmau

Gattinger, D.; Schlenz, V.; Weil, T.; Sattler, B. (2024). From remote to urbanized: dispersal of antibiotic-resistant bacteria under the aspect of anthropogenic influence. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 924: 171532. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2024.171532 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/84495

From remote to urbanized: dispersal of antibiotic-resistant bacteria under the aspect of anthropogenic influence

Weil, Tobias;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Antibiotic resistance is a growing global concern, but our understanding of the spread of resistant bacteria in remote regions remains limited. While some level of intrinsic resistance likely contributes to reduced susceptibility to antimicrobials in the environment, it is evident that human actions, particularly the (mis)use of antibiotics, play a significant role in shaping the environmental resistome, even in seemingly distant habitats like glacier ice sheets. Our research aims to bridge this knowledge gap by investigating the direct influence of human activities on the presence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in various habitats. To achieve a comprehensive assessment of anthropogenic impact across diverse and seemingly isolated sampling sites, we developed an innovative approach utilizing Corine Land Cover data and heatmaps generated from sports activity trackers. This method allowed us to make meaningful comparisons across relatively pristine environments. Our findings indicate a noteworthy increase in culturable antibiotic-resistant bacteria with heightened human influence, as evidenced by our analysis of glacier, snow, and lake water samples. Notably, the most significant concentrations of antibiotic-resistant and multidrug-resistant microorganisms were discovered in two highly impacted sampling locations, namely the Tux Glacier and Gas Station Ellmau
Settore BIO/19 - MICROBIOLOGIA GENERALE
2024
Gattinger, D.; Schlenz, V.; Weil, T.; Sattler, B. (2024). From remote to urbanized: dispersal of antibiotic-resistant bacteria under the aspect of anthropogenic influence. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 924: 171532. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2024.171532 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/84495
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/84495
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