Phenology monitoring allows a better understanding of forest functioning and climate impacts. Satellite indicators are used to upscale ground phenological observations, but often differential responses are observed, and data availability can be limited. In view of climate impacts, new tools capable to detect rapid phenological changes and to work at single species level are needed. This research compares indices derived by the TreeTalker© (TT + ) below canopy upward-looking spectral data and Sentinel 2 satellite data, used to assess the phenological behavior and changepoints in several European beech forests. Overall, a mismatch between the information derived by the two sensor types is evidenced, with main differences in: start/end and length of season and phenology changepoints; larger variability captured by TT + with respect to Sentinel 2 especially in the leaf on period; mixed signal response from multiple vegetation layers in Sentinel 2 data. The complementarity of satellite and TT + indices allow exploring the phenological responses from different vegetation layers. TT + higher temporal resolution demonstrates precision in capturing the phenological changepoints in beech forests, especially if satellite image availability is limited by cloud cover and leads to miss critical phenological dates. The best settings for TT + data collection and the advantages to have two spectral data sources for improved forest phenology monitoring are also commented. The TT+, collecting additional tree parameters, can be a valuable tool for an integrated monitoring system based on spectral signals from above and below the canopy, at high temporal frequency and high spatial resolution.

Vaglio Laurin, G.; Cotrina-Sanchez, A.; Belelli-Marchesini, L.; Tomelleri, E.; Battipaglia, G.; Cocozza, C.; Niccoli, F.; Kabala, J.P.; Gianelle, D.; Vescovo, L.; Da Ros, L.; Valentini, R. (2024). Comparing ground below-canopy and satellite spectral data for an improved and integrated forest phenology monitoring system. ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS, 158: 111328. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2023.111328 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/83155

Comparing ground below-canopy and satellite spectral data for an improved and integrated forest phenology monitoring system

Belelli-Marchesini, Luca;Gianelle, Damiano;Vescovo, Loris;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Phenology monitoring allows a better understanding of forest functioning and climate impacts. Satellite indicators are used to upscale ground phenological observations, but often differential responses are observed, and data availability can be limited. In view of climate impacts, new tools capable to detect rapid phenological changes and to work at single species level are needed. This research compares indices derived by the TreeTalker© (TT + ) below canopy upward-looking spectral data and Sentinel 2 satellite data, used to assess the phenological behavior and changepoints in several European beech forests. Overall, a mismatch between the information derived by the two sensor types is evidenced, with main differences in: start/end and length of season and phenology changepoints; larger variability captured by TT + with respect to Sentinel 2 especially in the leaf on period; mixed signal response from multiple vegetation layers in Sentinel 2 data. The complementarity of satellite and TT + indices allow exploring the phenological responses from different vegetation layers. TT + higher temporal resolution demonstrates precision in capturing the phenological changepoints in beech forests, especially if satellite image availability is limited by cloud cover and leads to miss critical phenological dates. The best settings for TT + data collection and the advantages to have two spectral data sources for improved forest phenology monitoring are also commented. The TT+, collecting additional tree parameters, can be a valuable tool for an integrated monitoring system based on spectral signals from above and below the canopy, at high temporal frequency and high spatial resolution.
Tree Talker
Phenology
Beech forests
Sentinel-2
Remote sensing
Forest
Settore BIO/07 - ECOLOGIA
2024
Vaglio Laurin, G.; Cotrina-Sanchez, A.; Belelli-Marchesini, L.; Tomelleri, E.; Battipaglia, G.; Cocozza, C.; Niccoli, F.; Kabala, J.P.; Gianelle, D.; Vescovo, L.; Da Ros, L.; Valentini, R. (2024). Comparing ground below-canopy and satellite spectral data for an improved and integrated forest phenology monitoring system. ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS, 158: 111328. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2023.111328 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/83155
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