This study compared the nutrient-energy retention, digestive function, growth performance, and welfare of rainbow trout (ibw 54 g) fed isoproteic (42%), isolipidic (24%), fishmeal-free diets (CV) over 13 weeks. The diets consisted of plant-protein replacement with graded levels (10, 30, 60%) of protein from poultry by-product (PBM) and black soldier fly H. illucens pupae (BSFM) meals, either singly or in combination. A fishmeal-based diet was also tested (CF). Nitrogen retention improved with moderate or high levels of dietary PBM and BSFM relative to CV (p < 0.05). Gut brush border enzyme activity was poorly affected by the diets. Gastric chitinase was up-regulated after high BSFM feeding (p < 0.05). The gut peptide and amino acid transport genes were differently regulated by protein source and level. Serum cortisol was unaffected, and the changes in metabolites stayed within the physiological range. High PBM and high BSFM lowered the leukocyte respiratory burst activity and increased the lysozyme activity compared to CV (p < 0.05). The BSFM and PBM both significantly changed the relative percentage of lymphocytes and monocytes (p < 0.05). In conclusion, moderate to high PBM and BSFM inclusions in fishmeal-free diets, either singly or in combination, improved gut function and nutrient retention, resulting in better growth performance and the good welfare of the rainbow trout.

Cardinaletti, G.; Di Marco, P.; Daniso, E.; Messina, M.; Donadelli, V.; Finoia, M.G.; Petochi, T.; Fava, F.; Faccenda, F.; Contò, M.; Cerri, R.; Volpatti, D.; Bulfon, C.; Mandich, A.; Longobardi, A.; Marino, G.; Pulido-Rodriguez, L.F.; Parisi, G.; Tibaldi, E. (2022-06-30). Growth and welfare of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in response to graded levels of insect and poultry by-product meals in fishmeal-free diets. ANIMALS, 12 (13): 1698. doi: 10.3390/ani12131698 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/83055

Growth and welfare of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in response to graded levels of insect and poultry by-product meals in fishmeal-free diets

Fava, Francesca;Faccenda, Filippo;
2022-06-30

Abstract

This study compared the nutrient-energy retention, digestive function, growth performance, and welfare of rainbow trout (ibw 54 g) fed isoproteic (42%), isolipidic (24%), fishmeal-free diets (CV) over 13 weeks. The diets consisted of plant-protein replacement with graded levels (10, 30, 60%) of protein from poultry by-product (PBM) and black soldier fly H. illucens pupae (BSFM) meals, either singly or in combination. A fishmeal-based diet was also tested (CF). Nitrogen retention improved with moderate or high levels of dietary PBM and BSFM relative to CV (p < 0.05). Gut brush border enzyme activity was poorly affected by the diets. Gastric chitinase was up-regulated after high BSFM feeding (p < 0.05). The gut peptide and amino acid transport genes were differently regulated by protein source and level. Serum cortisol was unaffected, and the changes in metabolites stayed within the physiological range. High PBM and high BSFM lowered the leukocyte respiratory burst activity and increased the lysozyme activity compared to CV (p < 0.05). The BSFM and PBM both significantly changed the relative percentage of lymphocytes and monocytes (p < 0.05). In conclusion, moderate to high PBM and BSFM inclusions in fishmeal-free diets, either singly or in combination, improved gut function and nutrient retention, resulting in better growth performance and the good welfare of the rainbow trout.
Hermetia illucens
Alternative proteins
Digestive function
Immune response
Nutrient retention
Poultry by-product meal
Rainbow trout
Stress
Sustainable feeds
Welfare
Settore AGR/18 - NUTRIZIONE E ALIMENTAZIONE ANIMALE
30-giu-2022
Cardinaletti, G.; Di Marco, P.; Daniso, E.; Messina, M.; Donadelli, V.; Finoia, M.G.; Petochi, T.; Fava, F.; Faccenda, F.; Contò, M.; Cerri, R.; Volpatti, D.; Bulfon, C.; Mandich, A.; Longobardi, A.; Marino, G.; Pulido-Rodriguez, L.F.; Parisi, G.; Tibaldi, E. (2022-06-30). Growth and welfare of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in response to graded levels of insect and poultry by-product meals in fishmeal-free diets. ANIMALS, 12 (13): 1698. doi: 10.3390/ani12131698 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/83055
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