In applied biotremology, vibrational signals or cues are exploited to manipulate the target species behaviour. To develop an efficient pest control strategy, other than a detailed investigation into the pest biology and behaviour, the role of the substrate used to transmit the signal is an important feature to be considered, since it may affect vibrations spreading and effective signal transmission and perception. Therefore, we used a multi-disciplinary approach to develop a control technique against the greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum. First, an ad hoc vibrational disruptive noise has been developed, based on the acquired knowledge about the mating behaviour and vibrational communication of the mated species. Subsequently, we employed finite-element models to investigate a growing tomato plant response to the aforesaid noise. Modelling how vibrations spread along the plant allowed us to set up a greenhouse experiment to assess the efficacy in terms of insect population of the vibrational treatment, which was administrated through vibrational plates. The green methodology applied in this study represents an innovative, environmentally sound alternative to the usage of synthetic pesticides.

Berardo, A.; Fattoruso, V.; Mazzoni, V.; Pugno, N.M. (2022-10). Coupling computational vibrational models and experimental biotremology to develop a green pest control strategy against the greenhouse whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum. JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY INTERFACE, 19 (195): 20220311. doi: 10.1098/rsif.2022.0311 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/77216

Coupling computational vibrational models and experimental biotremology to develop a green pest control strategy against the greenhouse whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum

Berardo, Alice
Primo
;
Mazzoni, Valerio
;
2022-10-01

Abstract

In applied biotremology, vibrational signals or cues are exploited to manipulate the target species behaviour. To develop an efficient pest control strategy, other than a detailed investigation into the pest biology and behaviour, the role of the substrate used to transmit the signal is an important feature to be considered, since it may affect vibrations spreading and effective signal transmission and perception. Therefore, we used a multi-disciplinary approach to develop a control technique against the greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum. First, an ad hoc vibrational disruptive noise has been developed, based on the acquired knowledge about the mating behaviour and vibrational communication of the mated species. Subsequently, we employed finite-element models to investigate a growing tomato plant response to the aforesaid noise. Modelling how vibrations spread along the plant allowed us to set up a greenhouse experiment to assess the efficacy in terms of insect population of the vibrational treatment, which was administrated through vibrational plates. The green methodology applied in this study represents an innovative, environmentally sound alternative to the usage of synthetic pesticides.
Biotremology
Finite-element models
Pest control
Substrate
Vibration
Settore ING-IND/34 - BIOINGEGNERIA INDUSTRIALE
ott-2022
Berardo, A.; Fattoruso, V.; Mazzoni, V.; Pugno, N.M. (2022-10). Coupling computational vibrational models and experimental biotremology to develop a green pest control strategy against the greenhouse whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum. JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY INTERFACE, 19 (195): 20220311. doi: 10.1098/rsif.2022.0311 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/77216
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