The latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG) is one of the most recognized global patterns of species richness exhibited across a wide range of taxa. Numerous hypotheses have been proposed in the past two centuries to explain LDG, but rigorous tests of the drivers of LDGs have been limited by a lack of high-quality global species richness data. Here we produce a high-resolution (0.025° × 0.025°) map of local tree species richness using a global forest inventory database with individual tree information and local biophysical characteristics from ~1.3 million sample plots. We then quantify drivers of local tree species richness patterns across latitudes. Generally, annual mean temperature was a dominant predictor of tree species richness, which is most consistent with the metabolic theory of biodiversity (MTB). However, MTB underestimated LDG in the tropics, where high species richness was also moderated by topographic, soil and anthropogenic factors operating at local scales. Given that local landscape variables operate synergistically with bioclimatic factors in shaping the global LDG pattern, we suggest that MTB be extended to account for co-limitation by subordinate drivers.

Liang, J.; Gamarra, J.G.P.; Picard, N.; Zhou, M.; Pijanowski, B.; Jacobs, D.F.; Reich, P.B.; Crowther, T.W.; Nabuurs, G.; de-Miguel, S.; Fang, J.; Woodall, C.W.; Svenning, J.; Jucker, T.; Bastin, J.; Wiser, S.K.; Slik, F.; Hérault, B.; Alberti, G.; Keppel, G.; Hengeveld, G.M.; Ibisch, P.L.; Silva, C.A.; ter Steege, H.; Peri, P.L.; Coomes, D.A.; Searle, E.B.; von Gadow, K.; Jaroszewicz, B.; Abbasi, A.O.; Abegg, M.; Yao, Y.C.A.; Aguirre-Gutiérrez, J.; Zambrano, A.M.A.; Altman, J.; Alvarez-Dávila, E.; Álvarez-González, J.G.; Alves, L.F.; Amani, B.H.K.; Amani, C.A.; Ammer, C.; Ilondea, B.A.; Antón-Fernández, C.; Avitabile, V.; Aymard, G.A.; Azihou, A.F.; Baard, J.A.; Baker, T.R.; Balazy, R.; Bastian, M.L.; Batumike, R.; Bauters, M.; Beeckman, H.; Benu, N.M.H.; Bitariho, R.; Boeckx, P.; Bogaert, J.; Bongers, F.; Bouriaud, O.; Brancalion, P.H.S.; Brandl, S.; Brearley, F.Q.; Briseno-Reyes, J.; Broadbent, E.N.; Bruelheide, H.; Bulte, E.; Catlin, A.C.; Cazzolla Gatti, R.; César, R.G.; Chen, H.Y.H.; Chisholm, C.; Cienciala, E.; Colletta, G.D.; Corral-Rivas, J.J.; Cuchietti, A.; Cuni-Sanchez, A.; Dar, J.A.; Dayanandan, S.; de Haulleville, T.; Decuyper, M.; Delabye, S.; Derroire, G.; Devries, B.; Diisi, J.; Do, T.V.; Dolezal, J.; Dourdain, A.; Durrheim, G.P.; Obiang, N.L.E.; Ewango, C.E.N.; Eyre, T.J.; Fayle, T.M.; Feunang, L.F.N.; Finér, L.; Fischer, M.; Fridman, J.; Frizzera, L.; de Gasper, A.L.; Gianelle, D.; Glick, H.B.; Gonzalez-Elizondo, M.S.; Gorenstein, L.; Habonayo, R.; Hardy, O.J.; Harris, D.J.; Hector, A.; Hemp, A.; Herold, M.; Hillers, A.; Hubau, W.; Ibanez, T.; Imai, N.; Imani, G.; Jagodzinski, A.M.; Janecek, S.; Johannsen, V.K.; Joly, C.A.; Jumbam, B.; Kabelong, B.L.P.R.; Kahsay, G.A.; Karminov, V.; Kartawinata, K.; Kassi, J.N.; Kearsley, E.; Kennard, D.K.; Kepfer-Rojas, S.; Khan, M.L.; Kigomo, J.N.; Kim, H.S.; Klauberg, C.; Klomberg, Y.; Korjus, H.; Kothandaraman, S.; Kraxner, F.; Kumar, A.; Kuswandi, R.; Lang, M.; Lawes, M.J.; Leite, R.V.; Lentner, G.; Lewis, S.L.; Libalah, M.B.; Lisingo, J.; López-Serrano, P.M.; Lu, H.; Lukina, N.V.; Lykke, A.M.; Maicher, V.; Maitner, B.S.; Marcon, E.; Marshall, A.R.; Martin, E.H.; Martynenko, O.; Mbayu, F.M.; Mbuvi, M.T.E.; Meave, J.A.; Merow, C.; Miscicki, S.; Moreno, V.S.; Morera, A.; Mukul, S.A.; Müller, J.C.; Murdjoko, A.; Nava-Miranda, M.G.; Ndive, L.E.; Neldner, V.J.; Nevenic, R.V.; Nforbelie, L.N.; Ngoh, M.L.; N’Guessan, A.E.; Ngugi, M.R.; Ngute, A.S.K.; Njila, E.N.N.; Nyako, M.C.; Ochuodho, T.O.; Oleksyn, J.; Paquette, A.; Parfenova, E.I.; Park, M.; Parren, M.; Parthasarathy, N.; Pfautsch, S.; Phillips, O.L.; Piedade, M.T.F.; Piotto, D.; Pollastrini, M.; Poorter, L.; Poulsen, J.R.; Poulsen, A.D.; Pretzsch, H.; Rodeghiero, M.; Rolim, S.G.; Rovero, F.; Rutishauser, E.; Sagheb-Talebi, K.; Saikia, P.; Sainge, M.N.; Salas-Eljatib, C.; Salis, A.; Schall, P.; Schepaschenko, D.; Scherer-Lorenzen, M.; Schmid, B.; Schöngart, J.; Šebeň, V.; Sellan, G.; Selvi, F.; Serra-Diaz, J.M.; Sheil, D.; Shvidenko, A.Z.; Sist, P.; Souza, A.F.; Stereńczak, K.J.; Sullivan, M.J.P.; Sundarapandian, S.; Svoboda, M.; Swaine, M.D.; Targhetta, N.; Tchebakova, N.; Trethowan, L.A.; Tropek, R.; Mukendi, J.T.; Umunay, P.M.; Usoltsev, V.A.; Vaglio Laurin, G.; Valentini, R.; Valladares, F.; van der Plas, F.; Vega-Nieva, D.J.; Verbeeck, H.; Viana, H.; Vibrans, A.C.; Vieira, S.A.; Vleminckx, J.; Waite, C.E.; Wang, H.; Wasingya, E.K.; Wekesa, C.; Westerlund, B.; Wittmann, F.; Wortel, V.; Zawiła-Niedźwiecki, T.; Zhang, C.; Zhao, X.; Zhu, J.; Zhu, X.; Zhu, Z.; Zo-Bi, I.C.; Hui, C. (9999). Co-limitation towards lower latitudes shapes global forest diversity gradients. NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION. doi: 10.1038/s41559-022-01831-x handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/76215

Co-limitation towards lower latitudes shapes global forest diversity gradients

Frizzera, Lorenzo;Gianelle, Damiano;Rodeghiero, Mirco;
In corso di stampa

Abstract

The latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG) is one of the most recognized global patterns of species richness exhibited across a wide range of taxa. Numerous hypotheses have been proposed in the past two centuries to explain LDG, but rigorous tests of the drivers of LDGs have been limited by a lack of high-quality global species richness data. Here we produce a high-resolution (0.025° × 0.025°) map of local tree species richness using a global forest inventory database with individual tree information and local biophysical characteristics from ~1.3 million sample plots. We then quantify drivers of local tree species richness patterns across latitudes. Generally, annual mean temperature was a dominant predictor of tree species richness, which is most consistent with the metabolic theory of biodiversity (MTB). However, MTB underestimated LDG in the tropics, where high species richness was also moderated by topographic, soil and anthropogenic factors operating at local scales. Given that local landscape variables operate synergistically with bioclimatic factors in shaping the global LDG pattern, we suggest that MTB be extended to account for co-limitation by subordinate drivers.
Settore BIO/07 - ECOLOGIA
Liang, J.; Gamarra, J.G.P.; Picard, N.; Zhou, M.; Pijanowski, B.; Jacobs, D.F.; Reich, P.B.; Crowther, T.W.; Nabuurs, G.; de-Miguel, S.; Fang, J.; Woodall, C.W.; Svenning, J.; Jucker, T.; Bastin, J.; Wiser, S.K.; Slik, F.; Hérault, B.; Alberti, G.; Keppel, G.; Hengeveld, G.M.; Ibisch, P.L.; Silva, C.A.; ter Steege, H.; Peri, P.L.; Coomes, D.A.; Searle, E.B.; von Gadow, K.; Jaroszewicz, B.; Abbasi, A.O.; Abegg, M.; Yao, Y.C.A.; Aguirre-Gutiérrez, J.; Zambrano, A.M.A.; Altman, J.; Alvarez-Dávila, E.; Álvarez-González, J.G.; Alves, L.F.; Amani, B.H.K.; Amani, C.A.; Ammer, C.; Ilondea, B.A.; Antón-Fernández, C.; Avitabile, V.; Aymard, G.A.; Azihou, A.F.; Baard, J.A.; Baker, T.R.; Balazy, R.; Bastian, M.L.; Batumike, R.; Bauters, M.; Beeckman, H.; Benu, N.M.H.; Bitariho, R.; Boeckx, P.; Bogaert, J.; Bongers, F.; Bouriaud, O.; Brancalion, P.H.S.; Brandl, S.; Brearley, F.Q.; Briseno-Reyes, J.; Broadbent, E.N.; Bruelheide, H.; Bulte, E.; Catlin, A.C.; Cazzolla Gatti, R.; César, R.G.; Chen, H.Y.H.; Chisholm, C.; Cienciala, E.; Colletta, G.D.; Corral-Rivas, J.J.; Cuchietti, A.; Cuni-Sanchez, A.; Dar, J.A.; Dayanandan, S.; de Haulleville, T.; Decuyper, M.; Delabye, S.; Derroire, G.; Devries, B.; Diisi, J.; Do, T.V.; Dolezal, J.; Dourdain, A.; Durrheim, G.P.; Obiang, N.L.E.; Ewango, C.E.N.; Eyre, T.J.; Fayle, T.M.; Feunang, L.F.N.; Finér, L.; Fischer, M.; Fridman, J.; Frizzera, L.; de Gasper, A.L.; Gianelle, D.; Glick, H.B.; Gonzalez-Elizondo, M.S.; Gorenstein, L.; Habonayo, R.; Hardy, O.J.; Harris, D.J.; Hector, A.; Hemp, A.; Herold, M.; Hillers, A.; Hubau, W.; Ibanez, T.; Imai, N.; Imani, G.; Jagodzinski, A.M.; Janecek, S.; Johannsen, V.K.; Joly, C.A.; Jumbam, B.; Kabelong, B.L.P.R.; Kahsay, G.A.; Karminov, V.; Kartawinata, K.; Kassi, J.N.; Kearsley, E.; Kennard, D.K.; Kepfer-Rojas, S.; Khan, M.L.; Kigomo, J.N.; Kim, H.S.; Klauberg, C.; Klomberg, Y.; Korjus, H.; Kothandaraman, S.; Kraxner, F.; Kumar, A.; Kuswandi, R.; Lang, M.; Lawes, M.J.; Leite, R.V.; Lentner, G.; Lewis, S.L.; Libalah, M.B.; Lisingo, J.; López-Serrano, P.M.; Lu, H.; Lukina, N.V.; Lykke, A.M.; Maicher, V.; Maitner, B.S.; Marcon, E.; Marshall, A.R.; Martin, E.H.; Martynenko, O.; Mbayu, F.M.; Mbuvi, M.T.E.; Meave, J.A.; Merow, C.; Miscicki, S.; Moreno, V.S.; Morera, A.; Mukul, S.A.; Müller, J.C.; Murdjoko, A.; Nava-Miranda, M.G.; Ndive, L.E.; Neldner, V.J.; Nevenic, R.V.; Nforbelie, L.N.; Ngoh, M.L.; N’Guessan, A.E.; Ngugi, M.R.; Ngute, A.S.K.; Njila, E.N.N.; Nyako, M.C.; Ochuodho, T.O.; Oleksyn, J.; Paquette, A.; Parfenova, E.I.; Park, M.; Parren, M.; Parthasarathy, N.; Pfautsch, S.; Phillips, O.L.; Piedade, M.T.F.; Piotto, D.; Pollastrini, M.; Poorter, L.; Poulsen, J.R.; Poulsen, A.D.; Pretzsch, H.; Rodeghiero, M.; Rolim, S.G.; Rovero, F.; Rutishauser, E.; Sagheb-Talebi, K.; Saikia, P.; Sainge, M.N.; Salas-Eljatib, C.; Salis, A.; Schall, P.; Schepaschenko, D.; Scherer-Lorenzen, M.; Schmid, B.; Schöngart, J.; Šebeň, V.; Sellan, G.; Selvi, F.; Serra-Diaz, J.M.; Sheil, D.; Shvidenko, A.Z.; Sist, P.; Souza, A.F.; Stereńczak, K.J.; Sullivan, M.J.P.; Sundarapandian, S.; Svoboda, M.; Swaine, M.D.; Targhetta, N.; Tchebakova, N.; Trethowan, L.A.; Tropek, R.; Mukendi, J.T.; Umunay, P.M.; Usoltsev, V.A.; Vaglio Laurin, G.; Valentini, R.; Valladares, F.; van der Plas, F.; Vega-Nieva, D.J.; Verbeeck, H.; Viana, H.; Vibrans, A.C.; Vieira, S.A.; Vleminckx, J.; Waite, C.E.; Wang, H.; Wasingya, E.K.; Wekesa, C.; Westerlund, B.; Wittmann, F.; Wortel, V.; Zawiła-Niedźwiecki, T.; Zhang, C.; Zhao, X.; Zhu, J.; Zhu, X.; Zhu, Z.; Zo-Bi, I.C.; Hui, C. (9999). Co-limitation towards lower latitudes shapes global forest diversity gradients. NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION. doi: 10.1038/s41559-022-01831-x handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/76215
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2022_NEE_Gianelle.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (Publisher’s layout)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 7.54 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
7.54 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/76215
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact