Grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) is a rich source of protein cultivated as an insurance crop in Ethiopia, Eritrea, India, Bangladesh, and Nepal. Its resilience to both drought and flooding makes it a promising crop for ensuring food security in a changing climate. The lack of genetic resources and the crop’s association with the disease neurolathyrism have limited the cultivation of grass pea. Here, we present an annotated, long read-based assembly of the 6.5 Gbp L. sativus genome. Using this genome sequence, we have elucidated the biosynthetic pathway leading to the formation of the neurotoxin, β-L-oxalyl-2,3-diaminopropionic acid (β-L-ODAP). The final reaction of the pathway depends on an interaction between L. sativus acyl-activating enzyme 3 (LsAAE3) and a BAHD-acyltransferase (LsBOS) that form a metabolon activated by CoA to produce β-L-ODAP. This provides valuable insight into the best approaches for developing varieties which produce substantially less toxin

Edwards, A.; Njaci, I.; Sarkar, A.; Jiang, Z.; Kaithakotil, G.G.; Moore, C.; Cheema, J.; Stevenson, C.; Rejzek, M.; Novak, P.; Vigouroux, M.; Moore, J.; Higgins, J.; Swarbreck, D.; Martens, S.; Kim, C.; Weng, J.; Ellis, N.; Mundree, S.; Kilian, B.; Kumar Agrawal, S.; Loose, M.; Yant, L.; Macas, J.; Wang, T.L.; Martin, C.; Emmrich, P.M.F. (2023). Genomics and biochemical analyses reveal a metabolon key to β-L-ODAP biosynthesis in Lathyrus sativus. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 14: 876. doi: 10.1038/s41467-023-36503-2 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/75995

Genomics and biochemical analyses reveal a metabolon key to β-L-ODAP biosynthesis in Lathyrus sativus

Martens, S.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) is a rich source of protein cultivated as an insurance crop in Ethiopia, Eritrea, India, Bangladesh, and Nepal. Its resilience to both drought and flooding makes it a promising crop for ensuring food security in a changing climate. The lack of genetic resources and the crop’s association with the disease neurolathyrism have limited the cultivation of grass pea. Here, we present an annotated, long read-based assembly of the 6.5 Gbp L. sativus genome. Using this genome sequence, we have elucidated the biosynthetic pathway leading to the formation of the neurotoxin, β-L-oxalyl-2,3-diaminopropionic acid (β-L-ODAP). The final reaction of the pathway depends on an interaction between L. sativus acyl-activating enzyme 3 (LsAAE3) and a BAHD-acyltransferase (LsBOS) that form a metabolon activated by CoA to produce β-L-ODAP. This provides valuable insight into the best approaches for developing varieties which produce substantially less toxin
Settore AGR/07 - GENETICA AGRARIA
2023
Edwards, A.; Njaci, I.; Sarkar, A.; Jiang, Z.; Kaithakotil, G.G.; Moore, C.; Cheema, J.; Stevenson, C.; Rejzek, M.; Novak, P.; Vigouroux, M.; Moore, J.; Higgins, J.; Swarbreck, D.; Martens, S.; Kim, C.; Weng, J.; Ellis, N.; Mundree, S.; Kilian, B.; Kumar Agrawal, S.; Loose, M.; Yant, L.; Macas, J.; Wang, T.L.; Martin, C.; Emmrich, P.M.F. (2023). Genomics and biochemical analyses reveal a metabolon key to β-L-ODAP biosynthesis in Lathyrus sativus. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 14: 876. doi: 10.1038/s41467-023-36503-2 handle: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/75995
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