Grassland fractional vegetation cover (FVC) accurate mapping on a large scale is crucial, since degraded grasslands contribute less to provisioning services, carbon storage, water purification, erosion control and biodiversity conservation. The spatial and temporal resolution of Sentinel-2 (S2) and PlanetScope (PS) data has never been explored for grassland FVC estimation so far and will enable researchers and agencies to quantify and map timelier and more precisely grassland processes. In this paper we compare FVC estimation models developed from Landsat-8 (L8), S2 and PS imagery. The reference grassland FVC dataset was obtained on the Paganella ski runs (46.15°N, 11.01°E, Italy) applying unsupervised classification to nadir grassland RGB photographs taken from 1.35 m above the soil. Fractional Response Models between reference FVC and 18 vegetation indices (VIs) extracted from satellite imagery were fitted and analysed. Then, leave-one-out cross validation and spatiotemporal change analysis were also performed. Our study confirms the robustness of the commonly used VIs based on the difference between NIR and the red wavelength region (R2 = 0.91 for EVI using S2 imagery) and indicate that VIs based on the red-edge spectral region are the best performing for PS imagery (R2 = 0.89 for RECI). Only medium to high spatial resolution imagery (S2 and PS) precisely mapped spatial patterns at the study site, since grasslands FVC varies at a fine scale. Previously available imagery at medium to low spatial and temporal resolution (e.g., L8) may still be interesting for analysis requiring long time-series of data

Andreatta, D.; Gianelle, D.; Scotton, M.; Dalponte, M. (2022). Estimating grassland vegetation cover with remote sensing: a comparison between Landsat-8, Sentinel-2 and PlanetScope imagery. ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS, 141: 109102. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2022.109102 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/75897

Estimating grassland vegetation cover with remote sensing: a comparison between Landsat-8, Sentinel-2 and PlanetScope imagery

Andreatta, Davide
Primo
;
Gianelle, Damiano;Dalponte, Michele
Ultimo
2022-01-01

Abstract

Grassland fractional vegetation cover (FVC) accurate mapping on a large scale is crucial, since degraded grasslands contribute less to provisioning services, carbon storage, water purification, erosion control and biodiversity conservation. The spatial and temporal resolution of Sentinel-2 (S2) and PlanetScope (PS) data has never been explored for grassland FVC estimation so far and will enable researchers and agencies to quantify and map timelier and more precisely grassland processes. In this paper we compare FVC estimation models developed from Landsat-8 (L8), S2 and PS imagery. The reference grassland FVC dataset was obtained on the Paganella ski runs (46.15°N, 11.01°E, Italy) applying unsupervised classification to nadir grassland RGB photographs taken from 1.35 m above the soil. Fractional Response Models between reference FVC and 18 vegetation indices (VIs) extracted from satellite imagery were fitted and analysed. Then, leave-one-out cross validation and spatiotemporal change analysis were also performed. Our study confirms the robustness of the commonly used VIs based on the difference between NIR and the red wavelength region (R2 = 0.91 for EVI using S2 imagery) and indicate that VIs based on the red-edge spectral region are the best performing for PS imagery (R2 = 0.89 for RECI). Only medium to high spatial resolution imagery (S2 and PS) precisely mapped spatial patterns at the study site, since grasslands FVC varies at a fine scale. Previously available imagery at medium to low spatial and temporal resolution (e.g., L8) may still be interesting for analysis requiring long time-series of data
Erosion
Restoration
Spectral signature
Image classification
Fractional response model
Biophysical parameter retrieval
Settore BIO/07 - ECOLOGIA
2022
Andreatta, D.; Gianelle, D.; Scotton, M.; Dalponte, M. (2022). Estimating grassland vegetation cover with remote sensing: a comparison between Landsat-8, Sentinel-2 and PlanetScope imagery. ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS, 141: 109102. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2022.109102 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/75897
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