In Italy, West Nile virus (WNV) appeared for the first time in the Tuscany region in 1998. After 10 years of absence, it re-appeared in the areas surrounding the Po River delta, affecting eight provinces in three regions. Thereafter, WNV epidemics caused by genetically divergent isolates have been documented every year in the country. Since 2018, only WNV Lineage 2 has been reported in the Italian territory. In October 2020, WNV Lineage 1 (WNV-L1) re-emerged in Italy, in the Campania region. This is the first occurrence of WNV-L1 detection in the Italian territory since 2017. WNV was detected in the internal organs of a goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) and a kestrel (Falco tinnunculus). The RNA extracted in the goshawk tissue samples was sequenced, and a Bayesian phylogenetic analysis was performed by a maximum-likelihood tree. Genome analysis, conducted on the goshawk WNV complete genome sequence, indicates that the strain belongs to the WNV-L1 Western-Mediterranean (WMed) cluster. Moreover, a close phylogenetic similarity is observed between the goshawk strain, the 2008–2011 group of Italian sequences, and European strains belonging to the Wmed cluster. Our results evidence the possibility of both a new re-introduction or unnoticed silent circulation in Italy, and the strong importance of keeping the WNV surveillance system in the Italian territory active

Mencattelli, G.; Iapaolo, F.; Monaco, F.; Fusco, G.; de Martinis, C.; Portanti, O.; Di Gennaro, A.; Curini, V.; Polci, A.; Berjaoui, S.; Di Felice, E.; Rosà, R.; Rizzoli, A.; Savini, G. (2022). West Nile Virus lineage 1 in Italy: newly introduced or a re-occurrence of a previously circulating strain?. VIRUSES, 14 (1): 64. doi: 10.3390/v14010064 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/73634

West Nile Virus lineage 1 in Italy: newly introduced or a re-occurrence of a previously circulating strain?

Mencattelli, Giulia
Primo
;
Rizzoli, Annapaola;
2022-01-01

Abstract

In Italy, West Nile virus (WNV) appeared for the first time in the Tuscany region in 1998. After 10 years of absence, it re-appeared in the areas surrounding the Po River delta, affecting eight provinces in three regions. Thereafter, WNV epidemics caused by genetically divergent isolates have been documented every year in the country. Since 2018, only WNV Lineage 2 has been reported in the Italian territory. In October 2020, WNV Lineage 1 (WNV-L1) re-emerged in Italy, in the Campania region. This is the first occurrence of WNV-L1 detection in the Italian territory since 2017. WNV was detected in the internal organs of a goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) and a kestrel (Falco tinnunculus). The RNA extracted in the goshawk tissue samples was sequenced, and a Bayesian phylogenetic analysis was performed by a maximum-likelihood tree. Genome analysis, conducted on the goshawk WNV complete genome sequence, indicates that the strain belongs to the WNV-L1 Western-Mediterranean (WMed) cluster. Moreover, a close phylogenetic similarity is observed between the goshawk strain, the 2008–2011 group of Italian sequences, and European strains belonging to the Wmed cluster. Our results evidence the possibility of both a new re-introduction or unnoticed silent circulation in Italy, and the strong importance of keeping the WNV surveillance system in the Italian territory active
Arbovirus
WNV
WNV-L1
Italy
Surveillance
Whole genome sequencing
Phylogenetic analysis
Settore VET/06 - PARASSITOLOGIA E MALATTIE PARASSITARIE DEGLI ANIMALI
2022
Mencattelli, G.; Iapaolo, F.; Monaco, F.; Fusco, G.; de Martinis, C.; Portanti, O.; Di Gennaro, A.; Curini, V.; Polci, A.; Berjaoui, S.; Di Felice, E.; Rosà, R.; Rizzoli, A.; Savini, G. (2022). West Nile Virus lineage 1 in Italy: newly introduced or a re-occurrence of a previously circulating strain?. VIRUSES, 14 (1): 64. doi: 10.3390/v14010064 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/73634
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/73634
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