In industrial animal production, breeding strategies are essential to produce offspring of better quality and vitality. It is also known that host microbiome has a bearing on its health. Here, we report for the first time the influence of crossbreeding strategy, inbreeding or outbreeding, on the buccal and intestinal bacterial communities in female Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Crossbreeding was performed within a family and between different fish families to obtain the inbred and outbred study groups, respectively. The genetic relationship and structure analysis revealed significant genetic differentiation between the inbred and outbred groups. We also employed a 16S rRNA gene sequencing technique to understand the significant differences between the diversities of the bacterial communities of the inbred and outbred groups. The core microbiota composition in the mouth and the intestine was not affected by the crossbreeding strategy but their abundance varied between the two groups. Furthermore, opportunistic bacteria were abundant in the buccal cavity and intestine of the outbred group, whereas beneficial bacteria were abundant in the intestine of the inbred group. The present study indicates that crossbreeding can influence the abundance of beneficial bacteria, core microbiome and the inter-individual variation in the microbiome

Abdelhafiz, Y.; Fernandes, J.M.O.; Larger, S.; Albanese, D.; Donati, C.; Jafari, O.; Nedoluzhko, A.V.; Kiron, V. (2021). Breeding strategy shapes the composition of bacterial communities in female Nile Tilapia reared in a recirculating aquaculture system. FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY, 12: 709611. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2021.709611 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/71942

Breeding strategy shapes the composition of bacterial communities in female Nile Tilapia reared in a recirculating aquaculture system

Larger, Simone;Albanese, Davide;Donati, Claudio;
2021

Abstract

In industrial animal production, breeding strategies are essential to produce offspring of better quality and vitality. It is also known that host microbiome has a bearing on its health. Here, we report for the first time the influence of crossbreeding strategy, inbreeding or outbreeding, on the buccal and intestinal bacterial communities in female Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Crossbreeding was performed within a family and between different fish families to obtain the inbred and outbred study groups, respectively. The genetic relationship and structure analysis revealed significant genetic differentiation between the inbred and outbred groups. We also employed a 16S rRNA gene sequencing technique to understand the significant differences between the diversities of the bacterial communities of the inbred and outbred groups. The core microbiota composition in the mouth and the intestine was not affected by the crossbreeding strategy but their abundance varied between the two groups. Furthermore, opportunistic bacteria were abundant in the buccal cavity and intestine of the outbred group, whereas beneficial bacteria were abundant in the intestine of the inbred group. The present study indicates that crossbreeding can influence the abundance of beneficial bacteria, core microbiome and the inter-individual variation in the microbiome
Settore BIO/18 - GENETICA
Abdelhafiz, Y.; Fernandes, J.M.O.; Larger, S.; Albanese, D.; Donati, C.; Jafari, O.; Nedoluzhko, A.V.; Kiron, V. (2021). Breeding strategy shapes the composition of bacterial communities in female Nile Tilapia reared in a recirculating aquaculture system. FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY, 12: 709611. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2021.709611 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/71942
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