Drosophila suzukii, or spotted-wing drosophila, is now an established pest in many parts of the world, causing significant damage to numerous fruit crop industries. Native to East Asia, D. suzukii infestations started in the United States (U.S.) a decade ago, occupying a wide range of climates. To better understand invasion ecology of this pest, knowledge of past migration events, population structure, and genetic diversity is needed. In this study, we sequenced whole genomes of 237 individual flies collected across the continental U.S., as well as several sites in Europe, Brazil, and Asia, to identify and analyze hundreds of thousands of genetic markers. We observed strong population structure between Western and Eastern U.S. populations, but no evidence of any population structure between different latitudes within the continental U.S., suggesting there is no broad-scale adaptations occurring in response to differences in winter climates. We detect admixture from Hawaii to the Western U.S. and from the Eastern U.S. to Europe, in agreement with previously identified introduction routes inferred from microsatellite analysis. We also detect potential signals of admixture from the Western U.S. back to Asia, which could have important implications for shipping and quarantine policies for exported agriculture. We anticipate this large genomic dataset will spur future research into the genomic adaptations underlying D. suzukii pest activity and development of novel control methods for this agricultural pest

Lewald, K.M.; Abrieux, A.; Wilson, D.A.; Lee, Y.; Conner, W.R.; Andreazza, F.; Beers, E.H.; Burrack, H.J.; Daane, K.M.; Diepenbrock, L.; Drummond, F.A.; Fanning, P.D.; Gaffney, M.T.; Hesler, S.P.; Ioriatti, C.; Isaacs, R.; Little, B.A.; Loeb, G.M.; Miller, B.; Nava, D.E.; Rendon, D.; Sial, A.A.; da Silva, C.S.B.; Stockton, D.G.; Van Timmeren, S.; Wallingford, A.; Walton, V.M.; Wang, X.; Zhao, B.; Zalom, F.G.; Chiu, J.C. (2021). Population genomics of Drosophila suzukii reveal longitudinal population structure and signals of migrations in and out of the continental United States. G3, 11 (12): jkab343. doi: 10.1093/g3journal/jkab343 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/70357

Population genomics of Drosophila suzukii reveal longitudinal population structure and signals of migrations in and out of the continental United States

Ioriatti, Claudio;
2021

Abstract

Drosophila suzukii, or spotted-wing drosophila, is now an established pest in many parts of the world, causing significant damage to numerous fruit crop industries. Native to East Asia, D. suzukii infestations started in the United States (U.S.) a decade ago, occupying a wide range of climates. To better understand invasion ecology of this pest, knowledge of past migration events, population structure, and genetic diversity is needed. In this study, we sequenced whole genomes of 237 individual flies collected across the continental U.S., as well as several sites in Europe, Brazil, and Asia, to identify and analyze hundreds of thousands of genetic markers. We observed strong population structure between Western and Eastern U.S. populations, but no evidence of any population structure between different latitudes within the continental U.S., suggesting there is no broad-scale adaptations occurring in response to differences in winter climates. We detect admixture from Hawaii to the Western U.S. and from the Eastern U.S. to Europe, in agreement with previously identified introduction routes inferred from microsatellite analysis. We also detect potential signals of admixture from the Western U.S. back to Asia, which could have important implications for shipping and quarantine policies for exported agriculture. We anticipate this large genomic dataset will spur future research into the genomic adaptations underlying D. suzukii pest activity and development of novel control methods for this agricultural pest
Drosophila suzukii
Spotted-wing Drosophila
Invasion genomics
Population structure
Genetic diversity
Settore AGR/11 - ENTOMOLOGIA GENERALE E APPLICATA
Lewald, K.M.; Abrieux, A.; Wilson, D.A.; Lee, Y.; Conner, W.R.; Andreazza, F.; Beers, E.H.; Burrack, H.J.; Daane, K.M.; Diepenbrock, L.; Drummond, F.A.; Fanning, P.D.; Gaffney, M.T.; Hesler, S.P.; Ioriatti, C.; Isaacs, R.; Little, B.A.; Loeb, G.M.; Miller, B.; Nava, D.E.; Rendon, D.; Sial, A.A.; da Silva, C.S.B.; Stockton, D.G.; Van Timmeren, S.; Wallingford, A.; Walton, V.M.; Wang, X.; Zhao, B.; Zalom, F.G.; Chiu, J.C. (2021). Population genomics of Drosophila suzukii reveal longitudinal population structure and signals of migrations in and out of the continental United States. G3, 11 (12): jkab343. doi: 10.1093/g3journal/jkab343 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/70357
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