The Pseudomonas fluorescens complex contains at least eight phylogenetic groups and each of these includes several bacterial species sharing ecological and physiological traits. Pseudomonas chlororaphis classified in a separate group is represented by three different subspecies that show distinctive traits exploitable for phytostimulation and biocontrol of phytopathogens. The high level of microbial competitiveness in soil as well as the effectiveness in controlling several plant pathogens and pests can be related to the P. chlororaphis ability to implement different stimulating and toxic mechanisms in its interaction with plants and the other micro- and macroorganisms. Pseudomonas chlororaphis strains produce antibiotics, such as phenazines, pyrrolnitrine, 2-hexyl, 5-propyl resorcinol and hydrogen cyanide, siderophores such as pyoverdine and achromobactine and a complex blend of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that effectively contribute to the control of several plant pathogens, nematodes and insects. Phenazines and some VOCs are also involved in the induction of systemic resistance in plants. This complex set of beneficial strategies explains the high increasing interest in P. chlororaphis for commercial and biotechnological applications. The aim of this review is to highlight the role of the different mechanisms involved in the biocontrol activity of P. chlororaphis strains.

Raio, A.; Puopolo, G. (2021). Pseudomonas chlororaphis metabolites as biocontrol promoters of plant health and improved crop yield. WORLD JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY, 37 (6): 99. doi: 10.1007/s11274-021-03063-w handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/69063

Pseudomonas chlororaphis metabolites as biocontrol promoters of plant health and improved crop yield

Puopolo, Gerardo
Ultimo
2021-01-01

Abstract

The Pseudomonas fluorescens complex contains at least eight phylogenetic groups and each of these includes several bacterial species sharing ecological and physiological traits. Pseudomonas chlororaphis classified in a separate group is represented by three different subspecies that show distinctive traits exploitable for phytostimulation and biocontrol of phytopathogens. The high level of microbial competitiveness in soil as well as the effectiveness in controlling several plant pathogens and pests can be related to the P. chlororaphis ability to implement different stimulating and toxic mechanisms in its interaction with plants and the other micro- and macroorganisms. Pseudomonas chlororaphis strains produce antibiotics, such as phenazines, pyrrolnitrine, 2-hexyl, 5-propyl resorcinol and hydrogen cyanide, siderophores such as pyoverdine and achromobactine and a complex blend of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that effectively contribute to the control of several plant pathogens, nematodes and insects. Phenazines and some VOCs are also involved in the induction of systemic resistance in plants. This complex set of beneficial strategies explains the high increasing interest in P. chlororaphis for commercial and biotechnological applications. The aim of this review is to highlight the role of the different mechanisms involved in the biocontrol activity of P. chlororaphis strains.
Pseudomonas chlororaphis
Rhizobacteria
Biocontrol
Induced systemic resistance
Settore AGR/12 - PATOLOGIA VEGETALE
2021
Raio, A.; Puopolo, G. (2021). Pseudomonas chlororaphis metabolites as biocontrol promoters of plant health and improved crop yield. WORLD JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY, 37 (6): 99. doi: 10.1007/s11274-021-03063-w handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/69063
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