The invasion of Aedes albopictus has played a major role in the resurgence of mosquitoborne diseases in Italy, generating the two largest chikungunya outbreaks in Europe (2007, 2017). Knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) are important in order to prevent Aedes-borne disease transmission, yet so far they have not been assessed. To this scope we used multivariate logistic regression to investigate KAP of citizen-to-Aedes ecology and transmitted diseases. Data were collated by a structured questionnaire (18 questions) in 2016. Participants were selected in the Lazio region from members of native populations and two resident communities (RC) originating from the Indian subcontinent where Aedes-transmitted diseases are endemic. Results showed that compared to Italians, RC respondents had a higher knowledge and concern of Aedes-transmitted diseases (Odds Ratio = 2.61 (95%CI: 1.03–6.05); OR = 3.13 (2.15–4.65)) as well as their life cycles (OR = 2.49 (1.75–3.56); OR = 9.04 (6.22–13.66)). In contrast, they perceived a lower nuisance due to the presence of Ae. albopictus (OR = 0.2 (0.13–0.32); OR = 0.55 (0.38–0.78). These findings suggest that citizens in the Lazio region are not prepared to face a potential outbreak of arboviruses and further efforts should be made to increase knowledge, awareness and best practices

Caputo, B.; Manica, M.; Russo, G.; Solimini, A. (2020). Knowledge, attitude and practices towards the tiger mosquito Aedes Albopictus: a questionnaire based survey in Lazio region (Italy) before the 2017 chikungunya outbreak. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 17 (11): 3960. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17113960 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/62908

Knowledge, attitude and practices towards the tiger mosquito Aedes Albopictus: a questionnaire based survey in Lazio region (Italy) before the 2017 chikungunya outbreak

Manica, M.;
2020

Abstract

The invasion of Aedes albopictus has played a major role in the resurgence of mosquitoborne diseases in Italy, generating the two largest chikungunya outbreaks in Europe (2007, 2017). Knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) are important in order to prevent Aedes-borne disease transmission, yet so far they have not been assessed. To this scope we used multivariate logistic regression to investigate KAP of citizen-to-Aedes ecology and transmitted diseases. Data were collated by a structured questionnaire (18 questions) in 2016. Participants were selected in the Lazio region from members of native populations and two resident communities (RC) originating from the Indian subcontinent where Aedes-transmitted diseases are endemic. Results showed that compared to Italians, RC respondents had a higher knowledge and concern of Aedes-transmitted diseases (Odds Ratio = 2.61 (95%CI: 1.03–6.05); OR = 3.13 (2.15–4.65)) as well as their life cycles (OR = 2.49 (1.75–3.56); OR = 9.04 (6.22–13.66)). In contrast, they perceived a lower nuisance due to the presence of Ae. albopictus (OR = 0.2 (0.13–0.32); OR = 0.55 (0.38–0.78). These findings suggest that citizens in the Lazio region are not prepared to face a potential outbreak of arboviruses and further efforts should be made to increase knowledge, awareness and best practices
KAP mosquito
Knowledge
Awareness and practice
Aedes-borne diseases
Aedes albopictus
Mosquito
Mosquito life cycle
Arboviruses
Infectious disease
Settore VET/06 - PARASSITOLOGIA E MALATTIE PARASSITARIE DEGLI ANIMALI
Caputo, B.; Manica, M.; Russo, G.; Solimini, A. (2020). Knowledge, attitude and practices towards the tiger mosquito Aedes Albopictus: a questionnaire based survey in Lazio region (Italy) before the 2017 chikungunya outbreak. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 17 (11): 3960. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17113960 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/62908
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