Fungi are the principal wood decomposers in forest ecosystems and their activity provides wood necromass to other living organisms. However, the wood decay mechanisms and the associated microbial community are largely unknown, especially in Alpine areas. In this study, the culturable fraction of fungal communities associated with the decomposition of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst) deadwood in subalpine forest soils were determined using microbiological methods coupled with molecular identification. Fungal communities were evaluated using in-field mesocosms after one year of exposition of P. abies wood blocks along an altitudinal gradient ranging from 1200 up to 2000 m a.s.l. comprising eight subalpine sites, four of them located at north- and other four at south-facing slopes. Although many saprotrophic species were isolated from the wood blocks, several white-rot species as the pathogenic fungi Armillaria cepistipes and Heterobasidion annosum, along with soft-rot fungi such as Lecytophora sp. were identified. Our results further indicated that the wood-inhabiting fungal community was mainly influenced by topographic features and by the chemical properties of the wood blocks, providing first insights into the effect of different slope exposure on the deadwood mycobiome in the subalpine forest ecosystem.

Longa, C.M.O.; Francioli, D.; Gómez-Brandón, M.; Ascher-Jenull, J.; Bardelli, T.; Pietramellara, G.; Egli, M.; Sartori, G.; Insam, H. (2018). Culturable fungi associated with wood decay of Picea abies in subalpine forest soils: a field-mesocosm case study. IFOREST, 11: 781-785. doi: 10.3832/ifor2846-011 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/56794

Culturable fungi associated with wood decay of Picea abies in subalpine forest soils: a field-mesocosm case study

Longa, C. M. O.
Primo
;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Fungi are the principal wood decomposers in forest ecosystems and their activity provides wood necromass to other living organisms. However, the wood decay mechanisms and the associated microbial community are largely unknown, especially in Alpine areas. In this study, the culturable fraction of fungal communities associated with the decomposition of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst) deadwood in subalpine forest soils were determined using microbiological methods coupled with molecular identification. Fungal communities were evaluated using in-field mesocosms after one year of exposition of P. abies wood blocks along an altitudinal gradient ranging from 1200 up to 2000 m a.s.l. comprising eight subalpine sites, four of them located at north- and other four at south-facing slopes. Although many saprotrophic species were isolated from the wood blocks, several white-rot species as the pathogenic fungi Armillaria cepistipes and Heterobasidion annosum, along with soft-rot fungi such as Lecytophora sp. were identified. Our results further indicated that the wood-inhabiting fungal community was mainly influenced by topographic features and by the chemical properties of the wood blocks, providing first insights into the effect of different slope exposure on the deadwood mycobiome in the subalpine forest ecosystem.
Wood-inhabiting fungi
Basidiomycota
Subalpine forest
Wood decomposition
Norway spruce
Slope exposure
Settore BIO/07 - ECOLOGIA
2018
Longa, C.M.O.; Francioli, D.; Gómez-Brandón, M.; Ascher-Jenull, J.; Bardelli, T.; Pietramellara, G.; Egli, M.; Sartori, G.; Insam, H. (2018). Culturable fungi associated with wood decay of Picea abies in subalpine forest soils: a field-mesocosm case study. IFOREST, 11: 781-785. doi: 10.3832/ifor2846-011 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/56794
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