Animal movement is fundamental for ecosystem functioning and species survival, yet the effects of the anthropogenic footprint on animal movements have not been estimated across species. Using a unique GPS-tracking database of 803 individuals across 57 species, we found that movements of mammals in areas with a comparatively high human footprint were on average one-half to one-third the extent of their movements in areas with a low human footprint.We attribute this reduction to behavioral changes of individual animals and to the exclusion of species with long-range movements from areas with higher human impact. Global loss of vagility alters a key ecological trait of animals that affects not only population persistence but also ecosystem processes such as predator-prey interactions, nutrient cycling, and disease transmission.

Tucker, M.A.; Böhning-Gaese, K.; Fagan, W.F.; Fryxell, J.M.; Van Moorter, B.; Alberts, S.C.; Ali, A.H.; Allen, A.M.; Attias, N.; Avgar, T.; Bartlam-Brooks, H.; Bayarbaatar, B.; Belant, J.L.; Bertassoni, A.; Beyer, D.; Bidner, L.; van Beest, F.M.; Blake, S.; Blaum, N.; Bracis, C.; Brown, D.; de Bruyn, P.J.N.; Cagnacci, F.; Calabrese, J.M.; Camilo-Alves, C.; Chamaillé-Jammes, S.; Chiaradia, A.; Davidson, S.C.; Dennis, T.; Destefano, S.; Diefenbach, D.; Douglas-Hamilton, I.; Fennessy, J.; Fichtel, C.; Fiedler, W.; Fischer, C.; Fischhoff, I.; Fleming, C.H.; Ford, A.T.; Fritz, S.A.; Gehr, B.; Goheen, J.R.; Gurarie, E.; Hebblewhite, M.; Heurich, M.; Hewison, A.J.M.; Hof, C.; Hurme, E.; Isbell, L.A.; Janssen, R.; Jeltsch, F.; Kaczensky, P.; Kane, A.; Kappeler, P.M.; Kauffman, M.; Kays, R.; Kimuyu, D.; Koch, F.; Kranstauber, B.; Lapoint, S.; Leimgruber, P.; Linnell, J.D.C.; López-López, P.; Markham, A.C.; Mattisson, J.; Medici, E.P.; Mellone, U.; Merrill, E.; de Miranda Mourão, G.; Morato, R.G.; Morellet, N.; Morrison, T.A.; Díaz-Muñoz, S.L.; Mysterud, A.; Nandintsetseg, D.; Nathan, R.; Niamir, A.; Odden, J.; O'Hara, R.B.; Oliveira-Santos, L.G.R.; Olson, K.A.; Patterson, B.D.; Cunha de Paula, R.; Pedrotti, L.; Reineking, B.; Rimmler, M.; Rogers, T.L.; Rolandsen, C.M.; Rosenberry, C.S.; Rubenstein, D.I.; Safi, K.; Saïd, S.; Sapir, N.; Sawyer, H.; Schmidt, N.M.; Selva, N.; Sergiel, A.; Shiilegdamba, E.; Silva, J.P.; Singh, N.; Solberg, E.J.; Spiegel, O.; Strand, O.; Sundaresan, S.; Ullmann, W.; Voigt, U.; Wall, J.; Wattles, D.; Wikelski, M.; Wilmers, C.C.; Wilson, J.W.; Wittemyer, G.; Zięba, F.; Zwijacz-Kozica, T.; Mueller, T. (2018). Moving in the anthropocene: global reductions in terrestrial mammalian movements. SCIENCE, 359 (6374): 466-469. doi: 10.1126/science.aam9712 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/46576

Moving in the anthropocene: global reductions in terrestrial mammalian movements

Cagnacci, F.;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Animal movement is fundamental for ecosystem functioning and species survival, yet the effects of the anthropogenic footprint on animal movements have not been estimated across species. Using a unique GPS-tracking database of 803 individuals across 57 species, we found that movements of mammals in areas with a comparatively high human footprint were on average one-half to one-third the extent of their movements in areas with a low human footprint.We attribute this reduction to behavioral changes of individual animals and to the exclusion of species with long-range movements from areas with higher human impact. Global loss of vagility alters a key ecological trait of animals that affects not only population persistence but also ecosystem processes such as predator-prey interactions, nutrient cycling, and disease transmission.
Movement ecology
GPS telemetry
Mammals
Settore BIO/07 - ECOLOGIA
2018
Tucker, M.A.; Böhning-Gaese, K.; Fagan, W.F.; Fryxell, J.M.; Van Moorter, B.; Alberts, S.C.; Ali, A.H.; Allen, A.M.; Attias, N.; Avgar, T.; Bartlam-Brooks, H.; Bayarbaatar, B.; Belant, J.L.; Bertassoni, A.; Beyer, D.; Bidner, L.; van Beest, F.M.; Blake, S.; Blaum, N.; Bracis, C.; Brown, D.; de Bruyn, P.J.N.; Cagnacci, F.; Calabrese, J.M.; Camilo-Alves, C.; Chamaillé-Jammes, S.; Chiaradia, A.; Davidson, S.C.; Dennis, T.; Destefano, S.; Diefenbach, D.; Douglas-Hamilton, I.; Fennessy, J.; Fichtel, C.; Fiedler, W.; Fischer, C.; Fischhoff, I.; Fleming, C.H.; Ford, A.T.; Fritz, S.A.; Gehr, B.; Goheen, J.R.; Gurarie, E.; Hebblewhite, M.; Heurich, M.; Hewison, A.J.M.; Hof, C.; Hurme, E.; Isbell, L.A.; Janssen, R.; Jeltsch, F.; Kaczensky, P.; Kane, A.; Kappeler, P.M.; Kauffman, M.; Kays, R.; Kimuyu, D.; Koch, F.; Kranstauber, B.; Lapoint, S.; Leimgruber, P.; Linnell, J.D.C.; López-López, P.; Markham, A.C.; Mattisson, J.; Medici, E.P.; Mellone, U.; Merrill, E.; de Miranda Mourão, G.; Morato, R.G.; Morellet, N.; Morrison, T.A.; Díaz-Muñoz, S.L.; Mysterud, A.; Nandintsetseg, D.; Nathan, R.; Niamir, A.; Odden, J.; O'Hara, R.B.; Oliveira-Santos, L.G.R.; Olson, K.A.; Patterson, B.D.; Cunha de Paula, R.; Pedrotti, L.; Reineking, B.; Rimmler, M.; Rogers, T.L.; Rolandsen, C.M.; Rosenberry, C.S.; Rubenstein, D.I.; Safi, K.; Saïd, S.; Sapir, N.; Sawyer, H.; Schmidt, N.M.; Selva, N.; Sergiel, A.; Shiilegdamba, E.; Silva, J.P.; Singh, N.; Solberg, E.J.; Spiegel, O.; Strand, O.; Sundaresan, S.; Ullmann, W.; Voigt, U.; Wall, J.; Wattles, D.; Wikelski, M.; Wilmers, C.C.; Wilson, J.W.; Wittemyer, G.; Zięba, F.; Zwijacz-Kozica, T.; Mueller, T. (2018). Moving in the anthropocene: global reductions in terrestrial mammalian movements. SCIENCE, 359 (6374): 466-469. doi: 10.1126/science.aam9712 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/46576
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