Downy mildew is a major grapevine disease caused by the biotrophic oomycete, Plasmopara viticola. Numerous disease resistance studies of diverse Vitis germplasm have been previously carried out to identify downy mildew resistance sources; however, ratings were mainly reported using leaf disc in vitro testing and foliage field assessment, or upon leaf and cluster field evaluations. In the current study, 28 grapevine hybrid cultivars were screened using leaf disc bioassay, for disease resistance characterization of both existing and wild-collected materials. 16 hybrids were identified as highly resistant or resistant, and will serve as relevant resistance donors in future pre-breeding and breeding programs. All grapevine hybrids were evaluated for foliar and cluster downy mildew resistance in an untreated field trial over three successive years. This study showed that the leaf disc bioassay provided some information on the resistance level of the genotypes under scrutiny, but it was a weak predictor of their resistance level under field conditions on leaves and even more on bunches. These findings are relevant to future applications in both traditional and marker-assisted breeding programs which promote sustainable viticulture.

Vezzulli, S.; Vecchione, A.; Stefanini, M.; Zulini, L. (2018). Downy mildew resistance evaluation in 28 grapevine hybrids promising for breeding programs in Trentino region (Italy). EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PLANT PATHOLOGY, 150 (2): 485-495. doi: 10.1007/s10658-017-1298-2 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/42922

Downy mildew resistance evaluation in 28 grapevine hybrids promising for breeding programs in Trentino region (Italy)

Vezzulli, S.
Primo
;
Vecchione, A.;Stefanini, M.;Zulini, L.
Ultimo
2018-01-01

Abstract

Downy mildew is a major grapevine disease caused by the biotrophic oomycete, Plasmopara viticola. Numerous disease resistance studies of diverse Vitis germplasm have been previously carried out to identify downy mildew resistance sources; however, ratings were mainly reported using leaf disc in vitro testing and foliage field assessment, or upon leaf and cluster field evaluations. In the current study, 28 grapevine hybrid cultivars were screened using leaf disc bioassay, for disease resistance characterization of both existing and wild-collected materials. 16 hybrids were identified as highly resistant or resistant, and will serve as relevant resistance donors in future pre-breeding and breeding programs. All grapevine hybrids were evaluated for foliar and cluster downy mildew resistance in an untreated field trial over three successive years. This study showed that the leaf disc bioassay provided some information on the resistance level of the genotypes under scrutiny, but it was a weak predictor of their resistance level under field conditions on leaves and even more on bunches. These findings are relevant to future applications in both traditional and marker-assisted breeding programs which promote sustainable viticulture.
Plasmopara viticola
Vitis spp.
Disease symptom assessment
Weather effect
Settore AGR/03 - ARBORICOLTURA GENERALE E COLTIVAZIONI ARBOREE
2018
Vezzulli, S.; Vecchione, A.; Stefanini, M.; Zulini, L. (2018). Downy mildew resistance evaluation in 28 grapevine hybrids promising for breeding programs in Trentino region (Italy). EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PLANT PATHOLOGY, 150 (2): 485-495. doi: 10.1007/s10658-017-1298-2 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/42922
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/42922
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