This work shows that, in tobacco, the ectopic expression ofVvMYBPA1, a grape regulator of proanthocyanidin biosynthesis, up- or down-regulates different branches of the phenylproanoid pathway, in a structure-specific fashion. Proanthocyanidins are flavonoids of paramount importance for animal and human diet. Research interest increasingly tilts towards generating crops enriched with these health-promoting compounds. Flavonoids synthesis is regulated by the MBW transcriptional complex, made of R2R3MYB, bHLH and WD40 proteins, with the MYB components liable for channeling the complex towards specific branches of the pathway. Hence, using tobacco as a model, here, we tested if the ectopic expression of the proanthocyanidin regulator VvMYBPA1 from grape induces the biosynthesis of these compounds in not-naturally committed cells. Here, we show, via targeted transcriptomic and metabolic analyses of primary transgenic lines and their progeny, that VvMYBPA1 alters the phenylpropanoid pathway in tobacco floral organs, in a structure-specific fashion. We also report that a modest VvMYBPA1 expression is sufficient to induce the expression of both proanthocyanidin-specific and early genes of the phenylpropanoid pathway. Consequently, proanthocyanidins and chlorogenic acids are induced or de novo synthetised in floral limbs, tubes and stamens. Other phenylpropanoid branches are conversely induced or depleted according to the floral structure. Our study documents a novel and distinct function of VvMYBPA1 with respect to other MYBs regulating proanthocyanidins. Present findings may have major implications in designing strategies for enriching crops with health-promoting compounds.

Passeri, V.; Martens, S.; Carvalho, E.; Bianchet, C.; Damiani, F.; Paolocci, F. (2017). The R2R3MYB VvMYBPA1 from grape reprograms the phenylpropanoid pathway in tobacco flowers. PLANTA, 246 (2): 185-199. doi: 10.1007/s00425-017-2667-y handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/35824

The R2R3MYB VvMYBPA1 from grape reprograms the phenylpropanoid pathway in tobacco flowers

Martens, Stefan;Carvalho, Elisabete;
2017-01-01

Abstract

This work shows that, in tobacco, the ectopic expression ofVvMYBPA1, a grape regulator of proanthocyanidin biosynthesis, up- or down-regulates different branches of the phenylproanoid pathway, in a structure-specific fashion. Proanthocyanidins are flavonoids of paramount importance for animal and human diet. Research interest increasingly tilts towards generating crops enriched with these health-promoting compounds. Flavonoids synthesis is regulated by the MBW transcriptional complex, made of R2R3MYB, bHLH and WD40 proteins, with the MYB components liable for channeling the complex towards specific branches of the pathway. Hence, using tobacco as a model, here, we tested if the ectopic expression of the proanthocyanidin regulator VvMYBPA1 from grape induces the biosynthesis of these compounds in not-naturally committed cells. Here, we show, via targeted transcriptomic and metabolic analyses of primary transgenic lines and their progeny, that VvMYBPA1 alters the phenylpropanoid pathway in tobacco floral organs, in a structure-specific fashion. We also report that a modest VvMYBPA1 expression is sufficient to induce the expression of both proanthocyanidin-specific and early genes of the phenylpropanoid pathway. Consequently, proanthocyanidins and chlorogenic acids are induced or de novo synthetised in floral limbs, tubes and stamens. Other phenylpropanoid branches are conversely induced or depleted according to the floral structure. Our study documents a novel and distinct function of VvMYBPA1 with respect to other MYBs regulating proanthocyanidins. Present findings may have major implications in designing strategies for enriching crops with health-promoting compounds.
Anthocyanins
Chlorogenic acids
Genetic transformation
Proanthocyanidins
Targeted metabolomics
Settore BIO/11 - BIOLOGIA MOLECOLARE
2017
Passeri, V.; Martens, S.; Carvalho, E.; Bianchet, C.; Damiani, F.; Paolocci, F. (2017). The R2R3MYB VvMYBPA1 from grape reprograms the phenylpropanoid pathway in tobacco flowers. PLANTA, 246 (2): 185-199. doi: 10.1007/s00425-017-2667-y handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/35824
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