Five species of invasive Aedes mosquitoes have recently become established in Europe: Ae. albopictus, Ae. aegypti, Ae. japonicus japonicus, Ae. koreicus and Ae. atropalpus. These mosquitoes are a serious nuisance for people and are also competent vectors for several exotic pathogens such as dengue and chikungunya viruses. As they are a growing public health concern, methods to control these mosquitoes need to be implemented to reduce their biting and their potential for disease transmission. There is a crucial need to evaluate methods as part of an integrated invasive mosquito species control strategy in different European countries, taking into account local Aedes infestations and European regulations. This review presents the control methods available or in development against invasive Aedes mosquitoes, with a particular focus on those that can be implemented in Europe. These control methods are divided into five categories: environmental (source reduction), mechanical (trapping), biological (e.g. copepods, Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis, Wolbachia), chemical (insect growth regulators, pyrethroids) and genetic (sterile insect technique and genetically modified mosquitoes). We discuss the effectiveness, ecological impact, sustainability and stage of development of each control method.

Baldacchino, F.A.; Caputo, B.; Chandre, F.; Drago, A.; Della Torre, A.; Montarsi, F.; Rizzoli, A. (2015). Control methods against invasive Aedes mosquitoes in Europe: a review. PEST MANAGEMENT SCIENCE, 71 (11): 1471-1485. doi: 10.1002/ps.4044 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/27087

Control methods against invasive Aedes mosquitoes in Europe: a review

Baldacchino, Frederic Alexandre;Rizzoli, Annapaola
2015-01-01

Abstract

Five species of invasive Aedes mosquitoes have recently become established in Europe: Ae. albopictus, Ae. aegypti, Ae. japonicus japonicus, Ae. koreicus and Ae. atropalpus. These mosquitoes are a serious nuisance for people and are also competent vectors for several exotic pathogens such as dengue and chikungunya viruses. As they are a growing public health concern, methods to control these mosquitoes need to be implemented to reduce their biting and their potential for disease transmission. There is a crucial need to evaluate methods as part of an integrated invasive mosquito species control strategy in different European countries, taking into account local Aedes infestations and European regulations. This review presents the control methods available or in development against invasive Aedes mosquitoes, with a particular focus on those that can be implemented in Europe. These control methods are divided into five categories: environmental (source reduction), mechanical (trapping), biological (e.g. copepods, Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis, Wolbachia), chemical (insect growth regulators, pyrethroids) and genetic (sterile insect technique and genetically modified mosquitoes). We discuss the effectiveness, ecological impact, sustainability and stage of development of each control method.
Aedes
Europe
Field trial
Insecticide
Integrated vector management
Vector control
Settore AGR/11 - ENTOMOLOGIA GENERALE E APPLICATA
2015
Baldacchino, F.A.; Caputo, B.; Chandre, F.; Drago, A.; Della Torre, A.; Montarsi, F.; Rizzoli, A. (2015). Control methods against invasive Aedes mosquitoes in Europe: a review. PEST MANAGEMENT SCIENCE, 71 (11): 1471-1485. doi: 10.1002/ps.4044 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/27087
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