Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) causes severe damage to certain fruit crops in both North America and Europe. This may be due, in part, to the absence of specialized natural enemies that suppress population outbreaks. We performed a series of experiments under controlled laboratory conditions in tandem with a field study to evaluate the presence and efficacy of natural enemies associated with this pest in Italian and western United States fruit production regions. Our study involved one larval parasitoid, Leptopilina heterotoma (Thomson) (Hymenoptera: Figitidae), and two pupal parasitoids, Pachycrepoideus vindemiae (Rondani) (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) and Trichopria drosophilae (Perkins) (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae). Three indices were used to describe host-parasitoid interactions: degree of infestation (DI), success rate of parasitism (SP) and total encapsulation rate (TER). Results confirmed that each of these parasitoid species can develop on certain populations of the pest. In addition, host stage preferences of the tested parasitoid populations, developmental parameters and lifetime fecundity of North American P. vindemiae are provided. Results are discussed with respect to differences in potential utilization of D. suzukii among the tested parasitoid species and regional populations

Rossi Stacconi, M.V.; Buffington, M.; Daane, K.M.; Dalton, D.T.; Grassi, A.; Kaçar, G.; Miller, B.; Miller, J.C.; Baser, N.; Ioriatti, C.; Walton, V.M.; Wiman, N.; Wang, X.; Anfora, G. (2015). Host stage preference, efficacy and fecundity of parasitoids attacking Drosophila suzukii in newly invaded areas. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL, 84 (1): 28-35. doi: 10.1016/j.biocontrol.2015.02.003 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/24932

Host stage preference, efficacy and fecundity of parasitoids attacking Drosophila suzukii in newly invaded areas

Rossi Stacconi, Marco Valerio;Grassi, Alberto;Ioriatti, Claudio;Anfora, Gianfranco
2015-01-01

Abstract

Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) causes severe damage to certain fruit crops in both North America and Europe. This may be due, in part, to the absence of specialized natural enemies that suppress population outbreaks. We performed a series of experiments under controlled laboratory conditions in tandem with a field study to evaluate the presence and efficacy of natural enemies associated with this pest in Italian and western United States fruit production regions. Our study involved one larval parasitoid, Leptopilina heterotoma (Thomson) (Hymenoptera: Figitidae), and two pupal parasitoids, Pachycrepoideus vindemiae (Rondani) (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) and Trichopria drosophilae (Perkins) (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae). Three indices were used to describe host-parasitoid interactions: degree of infestation (DI), success rate of parasitism (SP) and total encapsulation rate (TER). Results confirmed that each of these parasitoid species can develop on certain populations of the pest. In addition, host stage preferences of the tested parasitoid populations, developmental parameters and lifetime fecundity of North American P. vindemiae are provided. Results are discussed with respect to differences in potential utilization of D. suzukii among the tested parasitoid species and regional populations
Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae)
Pachycrepoideus vindemiae (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae)
Leptopilina heterotoma (Hymenoptera: Figitidae)
Trichopria drosophilae (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae)
Parasitoid
Biological control
Drosophila suzukii
Parassitoidi
Settore AGR/11 - ENTOMOLOGIA GENERALE E APPLICATA
2015
Rossi Stacconi, M.V.; Buffington, M.; Daane, K.M.; Dalton, D.T.; Grassi, A.; Kaçar, G.; Miller, B.; Miller, J.C.; Baser, N.; Ioriatti, C.; Walton, V.M.; Wiman, N.; Wang, X.; Anfora, G. (2015). Host stage preference, efficacy and fecundity of parasitoids attacking Drosophila suzukii in newly invaded areas. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL, 84 (1): 28-35. doi: 10.1016/j.biocontrol.2015.02.003 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/24932
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/24932
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