A first study of high alpine freshwaters at Hochebenkar and Krumgampen (Oetztal Alps, Tyrol, Austria) revealed pronounced differences in the concentration of major ions, heavy metals, species composition and biodiversity of epilithic diatoms in streams emerging from two active (i.e. ice containing) rock glaciers and in adjacent unaffected reference streams. The clear-water streams impacted by active rock glaciers are characterized by high electrical conductivity (EC) values, but differ in acidity, heavy metal concentrations and by the proportion of circumneutral and acidobiontic diatoms. On the contrary, all reference streams exhibit low EC and circumneutral to slightly acidic pH values characteristic for surface waters on bedrock composed of paragneiss and micaschist, with no detectable heavy metals and a diatom composition typical for high altitude softwater streams. The high ion concentrations in streams emerging from rock glaciers are attributed to a seasonally increasing release of melt waters from active rock glaciers

Thies, H.; Nickus, U.; Tolotti, M.; Tessadri, R.; Krainer, K. (2013). Evidence of rock glacier melt impacts on water chemistry and diatoms in high mountain streams. COLD REGIONS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 96 (1): 77-85. doi: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2013.06.006 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/23206

Evidence of rock glacier melt impacts on water chemistry and diatoms in high mountain streams

Tolotti, Monica;
2013-01-01

Abstract

A first study of high alpine freshwaters at Hochebenkar and Krumgampen (Oetztal Alps, Tyrol, Austria) revealed pronounced differences in the concentration of major ions, heavy metals, species composition and biodiversity of epilithic diatoms in streams emerging from two active (i.e. ice containing) rock glaciers and in adjacent unaffected reference streams. The clear-water streams impacted by active rock glaciers are characterized by high electrical conductivity (EC) values, but differ in acidity, heavy metal concentrations and by the proportion of circumneutral and acidobiontic diatoms. On the contrary, all reference streams exhibit low EC and circumneutral to slightly acidic pH values characteristic for surface waters on bedrock composed of paragneiss and micaschist, with no detectable heavy metals and a diatom composition typical for high altitude softwater streams. The high ion concentrations in streams emerging from rock glaciers are attributed to a seasonally increasing release of melt waters from active rock glaciers
Alpine streams
Active rock glaciers
Electric conductivity
Heavy metals
Diatoms
Settore BIO/07 - ECOLOGIA
2013
Thies, H.; Nickus, U.; Tolotti, M.; Tessadri, R.; Krainer, K. (2013). Evidence of rock glacier melt impacts on water chemistry and diatoms in high mountain streams. COLD REGIONS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 96 (1): 77-85. doi: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2013.06.006 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/23206
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/23206
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