In vitro plant cells, tissues and organ cultures are not fully autotrophic establishing a need for carbohydrates in culture media to maintain the osmotic potential, as well as to serve as energy and carbon sources for developmental processes including shoot proliferation, root induction as well as emission, embryogenesis and organogenesis, which are highly energy demanding developmental processes in plant biology. A variety of carbon sources (both reducing and non-reducing) are used in culture media depending upon genotypes and specific stages of growth. However, sucrose is most widely used as a major transport-sugar in the phloem sap of many plants. In micropropagation systems, morphogenetic potential of plant tissues can greatly be manipulated by varying type and concentration of carbon sources. The present article reviews the past and current findings on carbon sources and their sustainable utilization for in vitro plant tissue culture to achieve better growth rate and development.

Yaseen, M.; Ahmad, T.; Sablok, G.; Standardi, A.; Hafiz, I. (2013). Role of carbon sources for in vitro plant growth and development. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTS, 40 (4): 2837-2849. doi: 10.1007/s11033-012-2299-z handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/21833

Role of carbon sources for in vitro plant growth and development

Sablok, Gaurav;
2013-01-01

Abstract

In vitro plant cells, tissues and organ cultures are not fully autotrophic establishing a need for carbohydrates in culture media to maintain the osmotic potential, as well as to serve as energy and carbon sources for developmental processes including shoot proliferation, root induction as well as emission, embryogenesis and organogenesis, which are highly energy demanding developmental processes in plant biology. A variety of carbon sources (both reducing and non-reducing) are used in culture media depending upon genotypes and specific stages of growth. However, sucrose is most widely used as a major transport-sugar in the phloem sap of many plants. In micropropagation systems, morphogenetic potential of plant tissues can greatly be manipulated by varying type and concentration of carbon sources. The present article reviews the past and current findings on carbon sources and their sustainable utilization for in vitro plant tissue culture to achieve better growth rate and development.
Sugars
Carbohydrates
In vitro morphogenesis
Synthetic seeds
Vitrification
Germplasm conservation
Settore BIO/11 - BIOLOGIA MOLECOLARE
2013
Yaseen, M.; Ahmad, T.; Sablok, G.; Standardi, A.; Hafiz, I. (2013). Role of carbon sources for in vitro plant growth and development. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTS, 40 (4): 2837-2849. doi: 10.1007/s11033-012-2299-z handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/21833
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10449/21833
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