Spectral Network (SpecNet) began as a Working Group in 2003 with the goals of integrating remote sensing with biosphere-atmosphere carbon flux measurements and standardizing field optical sampling methods. SpecNet has evolved into an international network of collaborating sites and investigators, with a particular focus on matching optical sampling tools to the temporal and spatial scale of flux measurements and ecological sampling. Current emphasis within the SpecNet community is on greater automation of field optical sampling using simple cost-effective technologies, improving the light-use-efficiency (LUE) model of carbon dioxide flux, consideration of view and illumination angle to improve physiological retrievals, and incorporation of informatics and cyberinfrastructure solutions that address the increasing data dimensionality of cross-site and multiscale sampling. In this review, we summarize recent findings and current directions within the SpecNet community and provide recommendations for the larger remote sensing and flux communities. These recommendations include comparing the LUE model to other flux models driven by remote sensing, considering a wider array of biogenic trace gases in addition to carbon dioxide, adoption of standardized and automated field sensors and sampling protocols where possible, continued development of cyberinfrastructure tools to facilitate data comparison and integration, expanding the network itself so that a greater range of sites are covered by combined optical and flux measurements, and encouraging a broader communication between the flux and remote sensing communities.
Gamon, J.A.; Coburn, C.; Flanagan, L.B.; Huemmrich, K.F.; Kiddle, C.; Sanchez Azofeifa, G.A.; Thayer, D.R.; Vescovo, L.; Gianelle, D.; Sims, D.A.; Rahman, A.F.; Pastorello, G.Z. (2010). SpecNet revisited: bridging flux and remote sensing communities. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING, 36 (2): 376-390. handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/19604