The emerging model pest Drosophila suzukii is characterized by the switch from a fermenting to a fresh fruit reproductive habit, but the genomic bases of this new trait are still widely unexplored. In this study, we have annotated the repertoire of olfactory genes in two populations of D. suzukii and in its closely related species, D. biarmipes, and performed thorough evolutionary studies on a 14 Drosophila phylogenetic framework. Compared to most other Drosophila species, the odorant receptors of D. suzukii are characterized by an increased turnover rate and a non-random distribution of evolutionary events (duplications, deletions, and positive selection), consistent with adaption to a new ecological environment. In D. suzukii, odorant receptors that respond to some of the odours typical of ripening fruit have undergone duplication and show signs of positive selection; the most represented volatiles eliciting a response in these receptors include isoamyl acetate, for which we could confirm a functional role in D. suzukii using ad-hoc behavioural assays. Conversely, some of the key receptors used to detect volatiles produced during fermentation experienced loss of function and likely neo-functionalization in D. suzukii, a finding supported by physiological recordings; these genes are fairly divergent between European and American D. suzukii populations suggesting ancient multiple neo-functionalization events. Overall, our comparative analyses reveal unusual genomic evolutionary events in D. suzukii that can be associated with adaptations to new ecological behaviours, and unveil key genes and ligands that might become target of applied control strategies.
|Citation:||Ramasamy, S.; Ometto, L.; Revadi, S.; Horner, D.; Pisani, D.; Dekker, T.; Anfora, G.; Rota Stabelli, O. (2015-09). The role of olfaction in the making of a pest: a genomic analysis. In: VI congress of the Italian Society for Evolutionary Biology - Bologna August 31 - September 3, 2015. url: https://view.officeapps.live.com/op/view.aspx?src=http://www.mitcongressi.it/abstracts/408/920/1/SIBE_2015.docx handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/33266|
|Organization unit:||Sustainable Agro-Ecosystems and Bioresources Department # CRI_2011-JAN2016|
|Authors:||Ramasamy, S.; Ometto, L.; Revadi, S.; Horner, D.; Pisani, D.; Dekker, T.; Anfora, G.; Rota Stabelli, O.|
|Title:||The role of olfaction in the making of a pest: a genomic analysis|
|Scientific Disciplinary Area:||Settore AGR/11 - Entomologia Generale E Applicata|
|Appears in Collections:||03 - Conference object|