Monitoring agricultural productivity is important for optimizing management practices in a world under a continuous increase of food and biofuel demand. We used new space measurements of sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF), a vegetation parameter intrinsically linked to photosynthesis, to capture photosynthetic uptake of the crop belts in the north temperate region. The following data streams and procedures have been used in this analysis: (1) SIF retrievals have been derived from measurements of the MetOp-A / GOME-2 instrument in the 2007-2011 time period; (2) ensembles of process-based and data-driven biogeochemistry models have been analyzed in order to assess the capability of global models to represent crop gross primary production (GPP); (3) flux tower-based GPP estimates covering the 2007-2011 time period have been extracted over 18 cropland and grassland sites in the Midwest US and Western Europe from the Ameriflux and the European Fluxes Database networks; (4) large-scale NPP estimates have been derived by the agricultural inventory data sets developed by USDA-NASS and Monfreda et al. The strong linear correlation between the SIF space retrievals and the flux tower-based GPP, found to be significantly higher than that between reflectance-based vegetation indices (EVI, NDVI and MTCI) and GPP, has enabled the direct upscaling of SIF to cropland GPP maps at the synoptic scale. The new crop GPP estimates we derive from the scaling of SIF space retrievals are consistent with both flux tower GPP estimates and agricultural inventory data. These new GPP estimates show that crop productivity in the US Western Corn Belt, and most likely also in the rice production areas in the Indo-Gangetic plain and China, is up to 50-75% higher than estimates by state-of-the-art data-driven and process-oriented biogeochemistry models. From our analysis we conclude that current carbon models have difficulties in reproducing the special conditions of those highly productive crops subject to an intense management. Observational inputs closely linked to physiological condition and the photosynthetic dynamics of the vegetation, such as the fluorescence measurements presented in this study, can be an essential complement to existing models and remotely-sensed observations for the evaluation of global agricultural yields.
|Citation:||Guanter, L.; Zhang, Y.; Jung, M.; Joiner, J.; Voigt, M.; Huete, A.R.; Zarco-Tejada, P.; Frankenberg, C.; Lee, J.; Berry, J.A.; Moran, S.M.; Ponce-Campos, G.; Beer, C.; Camps-Valls, G.; Buchmann, N.; Gianelle, D.; Klumpp, K.; Cescatti, A.; Baker, J.M.; Griffis T. (2013). Mapping cropland GPP in the north temperate region with space measurements of chlorophyll fluorescence. In: AGU Fall meeting, San Francosco, CA, 9-13 December 2013. url: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013AGUFM.B41A0383G handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/24018|
|Organization unit:||Sustainable Agro-Ecosystems and Bioresources Department # CRI_2011-JAN2016|
|Authors:||Guanter, L.; Zhang, Y.; Jung, M.; Joiner, J.; Voigt, M.; Huete, A.R.; Zarco-Tejada, P.; Frankenberg, C.; Lee, J.; Berry, J.A.; Moran, S.M.; Ponce-Campos, G.; Beer, C.; Camps-Valls, G.; Buchmann, N.; Gianelle, D.; Klumpp, K.; Cescatti, A.; Baker, J.M.; Griffis T.|
|Title:||Mapping cropland GPP in the north temperate region with space measurements of chlorophyll fluorescence|
|Scientific Disciplinary Area:||Settore AGR/02 - Agronomia E Coltivazioni Erbacee|
|Keywords ENG:||Carbon cycle|
|Appears in Collections:||03 - Conference object|