Ecdysozoa, the group including Nematoda (roundorms) and the Arthropoda, has dominated Earth’s habitats since the Cambrian, and includes the largest majority of the extant animal biodiversity and biomass. The monophyly of this group as long been debated and has only recently been confirmed by the analyses of complete animal genomes. However, the relationships within the Ecdysozoa remain uncertain. We assembled large-scale phylogenomic data sets, and identified the nearly complete microRNA repertoire for a representative sample of ecdysozoan species. These independent genomic-scale data sets were analysed and the relationships among the Ecdysoza resolved by means of congruence. We were able to show that of the two generally accepted ecdysozoan clades (the Panarthropoda and the Cycloneuralians) only the first, which includes the Arthropoda, the Tardigrada (water bears) and the Onychophora (velvet worms), is monophyletic. The second, Cycloneuralia, most likely represents a paraphyletic assemblage of phyla. We were also able to show that within Panarthropoda, the velvet worms represent the sister group of the Arthropoda with the water bears representing the sister group of the Arthropoda plus Onychophora. To conclude we used all currently available genomic-scale data sets to generate a detailed molecular timescale of Ecdysozoan evolution. Our results show that the Ediacaran was the cradle of the Ecdysozoa, but that individual ecdysozoan phyla radiated in the Cambrian or later. Finally, we were able to show that the first ecdysozoan that were able to colonise the land were the Arthropoda, and they did this significantly earlier than suggested by the fossil record. Our results substantially clarify the relationships among the Ecdysozoa and provide an invaluable framework to understand evolutionary patterns within this group.
|Citation:||Pisani, D; Rota Stabelli, O.; Daley, A.; Campbell, L. (2012). Phylogenomics and microRNAs congruently resolve the ecdysozoan phylogeny and provide new insight on the origin and early evolution of Arthropoda. In: 2012 GSA Annual meeting and exposition, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, 4-7 November 2012. url: https://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2012AM/webprogram/Paper205507.html handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/22112|
|Organization unit:||Sustainable Agro-Ecosystems and Bioresources Department # CRI_2011-JAN2016|
|Authors:||Pisani, D; Rota Stabelli, O.; Daley, A.; Campbell, L.|
|Title:||Phylogenomics and microRNAs congruently resolve the ecdysozoan phylogeny and provide new insight on the origin and early evolution of Arthropoda|
|Scientific Disciplinary Area:||Settore GEO/01 - Paleontologia E Paleoecologia|
|Appears in Collections:||03 - Conference object|
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