We will present some results of an ongoing project aimed at analysing the major biotic and abiotic factors that influence the rainbow trout (O. mykiss) productive yield in the Trentino region (Northern Italy). Five trout strains were compared for their overall farming performance and suitability to be reared in the local farms. Eyed-egg samples of different strains were obtained from local and foreign suppliers. In the first part of the trial, the strains were compared in terms of egg size, hatching and growth rates up to the parr stage in a single farm and the intraspecific genetic variability was assessed using a microsatellites technique by analysing DNA extracted from random samples of caudal fin tissue. Significant among-strains differences in growth performance were found after 8 rearing months (Table 1). In the second phase of the trial, parrs of each strain were divided into 3 lots. Then the lots of the 5 strains were transferred to 3 selected Trentino trout farms to carry out a performance test up to a market size of around 0.7 kg. Regardless of the location, all fish lots were kept at the same density and were fed the same commercial trout feed, six days a week. Individual weight and length were measured on random samples of 100 fish per lot every 2 months. At the same time, major water parameters were registered in the different farms. Specific growth rate (SGR), thermal growth rate (TGR), condition factor, allometric coefficient (Table 2) and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were calculated. Statistical analyses were performed with SAS and STATISTICA 9.0. The growth graphs fit quadratic equations and coefficient of relative daily growth ranged from 1.56 to 1.74 % during the weaning period, and from 0.50 to 0.92 % during the performance test. Among-strains differences in growth performance, condition factor, feed conversion and age at sexual maturity were found at market size. To summarize a local trout strain achieved the best growth performance during the juvenile stage, but a foreign strains recorded the best overall performances.
|Citation:||Faccenda, F.; Tibaldi, E.; Parisi, G.; Franci, O.; Lunelli, F. (2012). Growth performance of different rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss strains reared in Trentino (Northern Italy). In: Aquaculture America 2012 : February 29-March 2, 2012, Las Vegas, Nevada USA: 150. url: https://www.was.org/WasMeetings/meetings/Default.aspx?code=AA2012%20 handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10449/20798|
|Organization unit:||EX-Experimentation Department # CTT-(2011/2011)|
|Authors:||Faccenda, F.; Tibaldi, E.; Parisi, G.; Franci, O.; Lunelli, F.|
|Title:||Growth performance of different rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss strains reared in Trentino (Northern Italy)|
|Appears in Collections:||03 - Conference object|